|其他題名: ||The explanation of the solitude experiences among adolescents|
|作者: ||許薰月;Hsu, Hsun-Yueh|
|關鍵詞: ||青少年;獨處;同儕;跨國婚姻;adolescents;Solitude;peer;bi-culture family|
|上傳時間: ||2013-04-13 10:37:41 (UTC+8)|
Solitude is inevitable in life experiences, but only a few studies have explored this topic in psychology. Contrasted with solitude, getting along with peers has been viewed as an important developmental task in adolescence. However, many researchers have proposed that solitude and getting along with peers should both be considered important in adolescent development. This study focuses on understanding solitude experiences and self-identification of junior high school students. Moreover, transnational marriage has become an emerging phenomenon in Taiwan since 1990, and many children from these families have started to study in junior high school. This explains why the sample in the present study focuses on those who were born and raised in bi-cultural families and local families.
This study utilizes qualitative analysis with interviews to gather data. The participants are teenagers living in Taipei, including 4 teenagers coming from bi-cultural families and 4 teenagers coming from local families. The research results are listed as follows:
First, solitude and staying with peers are variant progresses: (1) No significant differences exist between those from bi-cultural families and local families regarding solitude and staying with peers. (2) Active and passive selection factors exist in solitude and staying with peers. (3) It is an essential process to transform solitude into getting along with peers. (4) Solitude is not necessary to be lonely, and getting along with peers is not necessary in being happy.
Second, self-identification is still in a prototype development stage: (1) As compared with the adolescents coming from local families, the adolescents from bi-cultural families have an additional task; namely, nationality identification. (2) No significant differences exist between those who are coming from bi-cultural and local families regarding self-identification progress. (3) Self-identification is still in the discovery stage rather than the integration stage. (4) They can describe their future self-identification more clearly than current self-identification. (5) They choose their future careers in terms of the value of money.
It is hoped that the results of this study can inspire other researchers and educators to give increased focus to the topic of solitude. Besides expecting adolescents to get along well with their peers, it is also important to pay attention to their solitude experiences and help them keep a balance between these two aspects of their lives. As for self-identification, it is hoped that academic circles can give increased attention to the following tasks. First, teaching adolescents to understand their peers who come from bi-cultural families. Second, helping adolescents who are coming from bi-cultural families identify their nationalities. Finally, to encourage adolescents to develop their own interests rather than being restricted by social values.