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    Title: 芬蘭參與歐洲聯盟共同外交暨安全政策之研究
    Other Titles: A study on Finland's participation in the EU's CFSP
    Authors: 廖詠祥;Liao, Yung-Hsiang
    Contributors: 淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班
    郭秋慶
    Keywords: 芬蘭;共同外交暨安全政策;北方政策;新自由制度主義;共同安全暨防衛政策;Finland;CFSP;Neoliberal institutionalism;Northern Dimension Policy;CSDP
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2013-04-13 10:36:56 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 蘇聯解體與冷戰的結束使芬蘭修正以往的中立政策,朝向更積極地參與各類的國際組織,藉由國際的合作來處理自身與國際之事務,並推動區域與國際和平。芬蘭於1995年加入歐盟後,也積極參與歐盟共同外交暨安全政策(Common Foreign and Security Policy, CFSP),在歐盟北方政策(Northern Dimension Policy)與歐盟共同安全暨防衛政策(Common Security and Defense Policy, CSDP)上更是大幅度推動其發展。

    歐盟共同外交暨安全政策為政府間合作的類型,因此本文透過新自由制度主義(Neoliberal Institutionalism)之合作觀,依循其主要命題來探討芬蘭在其中的合作作為。首先,提升國家安全為芬蘭加入歐盟的主要考量之一;再者,歐盟外交安全合作機制在芬蘭展現其作為上提供了重要的平台。歐盟高峰會與歐盟理事會兩者機構對於歐盟對外政策的發展有著決定性的影響,芬蘭也曾於1999年與2006年擔任歐盟輪值主席,使其得以領導歐盟的決策機構、影響歐盟議程,並為歐盟外交安全政策的發展提供動力,同時也將其自身利益結合其中。

    最後,芬蘭不僅善用了歐盟共同外交暨安全政策所賦予的制度平台,將自身利益與歐盟結合,歐盟共同外交暨安全政策的發展也影響著芬蘭的對外與國防政策,兩者相輔相成,一方面歐盟的政治實力得以拓展,另一方面透過歐盟制度內會員國彼此的外交與安全合作,不但提升了芬蘭在歐盟與國際上的地位與聲望,同時也確保芬蘭的國家安全與發展。
    When amending neutral foreign policy after the end of the Cold War, Finland participated more actively in various international organizations to deal with regional and international affairs and to promote peace through the international cooperation. Finland is also actively involved in the EU Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), especially by shaping and making substantial development for the Northern Dimension Policy and Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP) since became a member of the EU on 1995.

    The CFSP is an intergovernmental cooperation mechanism; therefore I discuss this topic through the Neoliberal Institutionalism. Firstly, enhancing the national security is one of the main reasons for Finland to join the EU; secondly, the CFSP provides an important platform for Finland to contribute, both of the European Council and the Council of the EU are playing a decisive role in the EU''s foreign policy. Moreover, Finland once held the Presidency of the EU in 1999 and 2006, getting the chance to lead the two decision-making institutions, to influence the EU agenda and to provide impetus to the CFSP, so that Finland could promote the EU’s as well as its own interests.

    Finally, not only does Finland promote the EU’s and national interests by making good use of the CFSP regime, but the development of the CFSP affects Finnish foreign and defense policy as well. By acting together, Finland assists the EU in expanding its political strength on the one hand; and on the other hand, it not only enhance Finland’s status and prestige on the EU and international stage, but also ensure the security and development of Finland through the diplomatic and security cooperation among the EU Member States.
    Appears in Collections:[歐洲研究所] 學位論文

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