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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/87045

    Title: 轉型正義在第三波民主化國家之發展 : 以西班牙, 捷克, 斯洛維尼亞和臺灣為例
    Other Titles: The developments of transitional justice in the third wave democracies : case studies of Spain, Czech, Slovenia and Taiwan
    Authors: 陳韋達;Chen, Wei-Ta
    Contributors: 淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班
    郭秋慶;Kuo, Chiu-Ching
    Keywords: 轉型正義;第三波民主化;淨化法;佛朗哥;歷史記憶法;二二八事件;白色恐怖;Transitional justice;Third wave of democratization;lustration;Francisco Franco;Historical Memory Law;228 Incident;white terror
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2013-04-13 10:36:38 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 第三波民主化始於1974年葡萄牙康乃馨革命,很快地民主化的浪潮席捲全球,成為一個全球性的浪潮。在康乃馨革命後的15年間,全球約有30個國家轉型成為民主體制,此外至少還有數十個國家受到衝擊。1980年代末期,第三波民主化達到高潮,蘇聯與南斯拉夫聯邦相繼解體,共產主義在歐洲吹起了熄燈號。民主化的浪潮,也讓台灣在1987年解除長達38年的戒嚴,政府大幅度放寬對人民政治權利的限制。在一連串的政治改革下完成總統直選,和之後的政黨輪替。


    The Third wave of democratization started since the “Carnation Revolution” of Portugal in 1974 and swiftly impacted the world. During the 15 years after Carnation Revolution, there have been more than 30 countries undergone a democratization transition, and at least 10 countries more were impacted. In late 1980s, the collapsed of USSR and SFRY pushed the Third wave reached its climax, and Communism was dead in Europe. In Taiwan, the goverment abolished the martial law which had been promulgated for 38 years in 1987, and significantly loosen the restrictions on people’s political rights, got political reform step by step under democracy’s third wave.

    Many countries have embraced the democracy during the Third wave of democratization, which was the largest scale ever. With the democratization completed, came along the “transitional justice” issue that the newly democratization countries must confront with. Transitional justice is not only the question of democratization, but also is the foundation of democracy consolidation. This thesis uses Spain, Czech, Slovenia and Taiwan as case studies; they are selected because these 3 European countries represent 3 different areas, dictatorships and democracy transition in Europe, but they still share a common trait as members of EU now. It shows that their democratization is recognized by EU. Hence, with this thesis, I would like to discuss the effect of the transitional justice and its background by the above mentioned countries as case studies. And finally with Taiwan’s experience of transitional justice to compare with the 3 European countries mentioned in the thesis, and conclude if there is any valuable lesson worth refers to.

    According to the analysis, transitional justice is a universal value. The 4 countries have doing transi-tional justice much or few to now, but different country has different developing model. So the result of the thesis shows a wide range of diversity, since every country will show a diverse appearance by differ-ent political development. It is to deal with victims but don’t care about perpetrators in Taiwan, so it is also Taiwan’s unfinished work after democratization.
    Appears in Collections:[歐洲研究所] 學位論文

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