在商品自由流通的原則下，一會員國合法生產與銷售之商品得在其他會員國自由流通，然而地理標示保護的法規卻可能對內部市場構成貿易上的障礙，本論文以歐洲法院與地理名稱有關之標示的相關判決作為研究的案例，希冀探討歐盟地理標示保護的發展，進一步分析在商品自由流通原則下地理標示保護造成的爭議。 The establishment of the Internal Market is the EU''s primary goal since establishing the European Economic Community in 1958. The free movement of goods is one of the four fundamental movements in the European Internal Market. The free movement of goods is also an important basis to complete the European Internal Market. The free movement of goods applies to agricultural products. The EU has executed the Common Agricultural Policy since 1962, the goal of the Common Agricultural Policy contributes to enhancing productivity, stabilizing the price of agricultural products, developing rural areas, strengthening food quality and safety. The protection of geographical indications is one of the instruments of maintaining food quality in the EU. The EU has enacted a regulation regarding the protection of the geographical indications and designations of origin in 1992 to create an EU-wide protection system for the geographical indications.
This thesis works on the development of the EU''s protection system for geographical indications under the aspect of the free movement of goods. The case law of the European Court of Justice plays an important role for this development. Therefore, this thesis also works on the case law of the European Court of Justice to describe this development and analyse how to solve the conflicts between the protection of geographical indications and the free movement of goods.