In recent years, the birth rate of the developed countries in the world has decreased, so these countries are trying so hard to encourage their fertility. But France had already realized that their birth rate is not high in the nineteenth century. They also know if their fertility keep low, they would meet a lot of population problem. For Example, aging of population.
In order to raise their fertility rate, French began to implement family allowances, and after that, Family Policy was set.
And now , we can see in 2010 French’s total fertility rate is 2.01, and France is also one of the highest birth rates in the EU countries.
Since ancient times, the traditional women''s role in family has been thought as caregivers, they needed to take care of their children, and the elderly in their family. But with the rise of feminist consciousness and the change of the structure of the labor market, the employment rate of women is gradually rising, more and more women enter the labor market, the women have to face two kinds of pressures, one is from work , and the other is from their family.
This article will explore the origin and content of the policy of the French family policy, and as a starting point to examine the French family policy, and the policy challenges of the future with Prospects female perspective. Because French family policy not only maintain economic development, but also
more stable population structure, and provide adequate social welfare and family policy in France to alleviate the pressure of women, so that women can balance work and family.
Moreover, the French family policy in response to changes in the structure of society and the family continue to make the appropriate adjustments, to strengthen family functioning and effectively improve the birth rate, so France is also regarded as a model of family policy.