本論文亦分析古巴透過醫療外交的「軟實力」，成功換取古巴所需資源，藉由古巴作為全球之借鏡，醫療外交確實可以改善全人類的健康問題以及緩解國際關係之問題。 Abstract: Before Cuba became independent, Cuba and the U.S. shared a close political and economical relationship. The U.S. provided what Cuba needed such as commodities and energy. After Cuba’s independence and Fidel Castro established a new government and policies, the U.S. realized its conflicts of interest with Cuba, and further terminated its diplomatic relations with Cuba. At the same time of the U.S. set an embargo on Cuba’s economics and important energy import. Therefore, Cuba turned to rely on oil imported from the Soviet Union to reduce the influence of the U.S. embargo. Unfortunately, as the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, Cuba faces serious economic and energy crisis again, making it difficult to advance its national development. Mr. Che Guevara was appointed as the president of the National Bank in Cuba’s new government, in order to strengthen its crisis management and national Cuba’s new government in order to strengthen their crisis management of increasing national competitiveness. He was also the main contributor to Cuba national health-care reform, which rendered medical diplomacy a critical foreign policy. Cuba dispatched its first medical team and successfully provided aids to victims of Chile Earthquake in 1960, which laid the foundation of Cuba medical aid policy. Even there was no aid from the U.S. and the Soviet Union, Cuban insists on its medical diplomacy. Cuba transforms itself from a “revolution exported country” turn into “medicine exported country”. This thesis focuses primarily on Cuba medical diplomacy in countries of the Third World from the perspective of Neorealism. The short-termed goal of its medical diplomacy is to offer humanitarian assistance to disaster relief and the long-termed goal is to train as medics and improve its public health system. The policy which offered re-construction and improvements of public health system. The researcher also analyzed the soft power of Cuba medical diplomacy that helps procure its needed resource. From the experience of Cuba, medical diplomacy can be used to address global health issues and international relation.