從後現代主義和全球化與觀光的理論發展沿革開始，續以馬雅原住民人口比例最多的猶加敦州為主要探討地區，後由經濟、社會及環境三個面向評析觀光業對馬雅原住民族社會的正負影響總結。 The tourism represents the junction of aboriginal culture under the globalization environment. It is a opportunity of business and training of sustainable industries.
The study of Mexican culture and reality raises many questions concerning the relationship between tourism and identity of aboriginal culture, and also about the effects of modernization and globalization in those sectors of mexican society.
The activities of tourism not only serve to introduce the culture to tourists but renewing the identity of the Yucatec Maya. The Mayan culture is changed by the tourism and adopting elements of global culture, with modifications imposed by the pragmatic necessity for survival within the capitalist system.