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    題名: 駐日美軍對日本影響之研究 : 從國家戰略觀點分析
    其他題名: Study about united states forces Japan's impact on Japan : analysis from the perspective of national strategy
    作者: 東城一;Higashi, Kiichi
    貢獻者: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
    李大中
    關鍵詞: 駐日美軍;United States Forces Japan;National Strategy;political strategy;Japan-US security arrangements;國家戰略;政治戰略;日美安保體制
    日期: 2012
    上傳時間: 2013-04-13 10:35:42 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本論文以國家戰略為研究途徑,分析駐日美軍對日本的影響。研究目的則聚焦在三個問題。第一,國家戰略思想的發展,以及如何將其應用到日本國家戰略?第二,駐日美軍何時開始常駐日本,以及對日本帶來什麼樣的影響?第三,這十年來,經過政黨輪替的影響,日本如何看待日美安保體制下的駐日美軍?在討論國家戰略時,筆者主要考慮到四個因素:國家利益、國家目標、國家政策和國家戰略。如果將這些因素對照到目前的日本的話,國家利益為「維持日美安保體制」,國家目標為「平等的日美關係」,日本國家政策為「協助駐日美軍」,日本國家戰略則是「輕軍事,重經濟」。至於本論文的國家戰略觀點,則從軍事戰略和政治戰略的面向進行探討。
    二戰後,美軍的定位隨著日、美政府簽訂的日美安保條約而改變,從佔領軍的身份轉型為駐日美軍。當初,日本以「輕軍事,重經濟」的吉田原則為國家戰略,後來透過修改日美安保條約等加以調整。從駐留經費的負擔和對居民的懷柔政策等可以看出駐日美軍為日本帶來的影響。由於美軍的相關經費都編列在日本的國防預算,因此可以認為屬於軍事戰略的層次。
    而為了主導軍事戰略,政治戰略的面向成為關鍵因素,尤其是國家領導人的角色至關重要。很明顯的,自從小泉政權以來,日本開始「逐漸擴大責任範圍」,作為新增的國家政策。2009年的政黨輪替不僅沒有改變日本的國家利益和國家目標,更讓筆者相信日本確實正在邁向正常國家,並逐步調整日本國家戰略。
    This thesis adopts national strategy as its research approach and analyzes the impact of the United Forces Forces, Japan (USFJ) upon Japan. The purpose is to respond to three questions. First, how national strategic thought has developed and how it is applied to Japan. Second, when USFJ began to be stationed in Japan and how their presence has affected Japan. Third, for the last ten years, especially through the change of the ruling party, how Japan has regarded USFJ under the Japan US security arrangements.
    When discussing national strategy, we need to focus on four factors: national interest, national objective, national policy and national strategy. If these factors are applied to Japan, each factor respectively refers to: maintain the current Japan US security arrangements, aim for equal relations between Japan and US, assist USFJ and finally, put more emphasis on economic development than on armament. The national strategic perspective of this thesis is divided into the viewpoints of military strategy and political strategy.
    After the Second World War, according to the Japan US Security Treaty, those foreign forces stationed in Japan changed from the occupation army to USFJ. At first, Japan''s national strategy was based on Yoshida Doctrine, but later Japan made adjustments by revising the treaty, etc. The impact of USFJ on Japan can be seen from the amount of Host Nation Support and compensation measures for the affected local residents. As these related costs come from the defense budget, this issue belongs to military strategy. Political strategy takes the lead in constructing national strategy. Above all, Prime Minister of Japan plays an important role. Obviously, since the Koizumi administration, Japan has added ‘expand its area of responsibility’ as a new national policy. Change of the ruling party in 2009 not only proved Japan''s national interest and objective should remain the same but also made me realize Japan is moving toward a normal state and gradually adjusting its national strategy.
    顯示於類別:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文

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