|Abstract: ||自1978年中國實施改革開放後，其經濟力的GDP指標成長迅速，此種賦有硬權力意義的物質力量，在國際上為其提升部分實質的影響力，當然也間接的引起了「中國威脅論」的基調甚囂塵上。中國國家主席胡錦濤的10年任期中，遂於2003年提出所謂的「和平崛起」論，或之後如和平發展等修正路線，惟此論述並無法真正的完全對外說明中國的發展現狀，故此期間推促了中國也試著利用公共外交的途徑來，來向世界(尤其是美國)說明中國的現狀，期匡正負面的國際形象。 |
China implemented reform and open policy since 1978, its economical strength GDP target growth was rapid, this kind had the hard authority significance material force, internationally for its promotion partial essence influence, indirect has certainly also caused “the Chinese deterrence theory” the main key causes a clamor.President of China''s Hu Jintao in its tenure in office, once in 2003 proposed so-called “peaceful rise” theory, after or revises routes and so on peace development, only the such elaboration or was still unable completely foreign to show China''s development present situation, also therefore, was also trying the accommodation international environment atmosphere as national leader''s Hu Jintao, but namely the use public diplomacy way time improvement or the change country image, advanced together (in particular US) the effective introduction and shows China''s present situation to the world.
Above socialized practice motion, like international relations scholar Alexander. Wynter (Alexander Wendt) advocated the construction principle, it thought behavior body (country) the identity, represents the social category or the existence condition, and the understanding behavior body demand (benefit), conducives toward favor explained its behavior motive, in the benefit is take the identity as the precondition, therefore behavior body in knew in front of who oneself is, is not impossible to know own need any, but for extinguishes the Chinese deterrence theory or to the world explained China''s peace policy, China is building the advantageous public diplomatic environment gradually.in the present world each country generally take US as the head, easy word it, how correct straightening out and do US''s interaction relations, in particular with on behalf of the public opinion policy benefit associations and so on Congress hit the relations, in this matter the non-gunsmoke war pattern, more advantageous it seeks each kind to have the significance demand (benefit).
Therefore this article attempts thoroughly by the construction principle “the identity, the benefit, the behavior” the pattern, searches analyzes China to implement public diplomatic to US the motion, then between inspection both countries passes unceasingly by each stratification plane interaction process, then has the objective common interest, along with each other the collective identity approval change and the relations, takes advantage of this understood the Chinese policy-maker''s concrete practice motion content, observes China''s national behavior by this kind of angle of view, also may some in-depth cognition and the understanding, in addition, this article research may understand China passed by the public diplomatic way fruitful has already constructed the many kinds of identity good relations with US, especiallyIn Taiwan problem, therefore this article also senate with the construction principle thought, by in addition plants the international relations to observe the American and Chinese Taiwan trilateral relations, and according to provides the policy suggestion reference.