南海問題是從上個世紀延伸至今的區域性問題，中國必須在面對南海諸國與美、日等國挑戰下解決南海問題。目前大多數文獻都從海洋法公約或解放軍在亞太地區威脅的角度切入。但中國對南海問題的戰略是採取多元方式進行，從單一的角度無法釐清中國在南海的作為。本論文從政治、外交、經濟、軍事的角度，提出中國在應對南海問題的戰略。藉由多元的角度來分析目前中國在南海地區的戰略作為。本論文以大量的數據與歷史事件，從時間、空間、面向三軸一體來解釋中國南海戰略與手段形成。這些在中國大戰略之下的手段也適用於其他中國周邊海域問題，例如使用海洋執法單位的經驗就來自中日東海問題。作者從大量的資料中歸納出中國目前在處理南海問題上的七大手段，分別是：(一)外交手段優先，危機之下雙方仍有大量外交互動；(二)採用海洋執法力量，避免使用軍艦；(三)善用軍艦外交，與爭議國進行軍艦互訪與聯合演習；(四)藉由經濟貿易與交通建設使雙方緊密結合；(五)強化深海開發能力，使中國未來能獨立開發南海；(六)軍事能力不斷加強，但軍事手段備而不用；(七)善用僅存的地緣優勢，積極建設三亞海軍基地。本論文希望讓讀者理解南海問題目前的情勢與中國在處理南海問題上的態度與其戰略。 South China Sea issue has been a regional concern since last century. China is facing and trying to solve this issue which is challenged by the United States, Japan and countries surrounding South China Sea. Most of the literature and documents analyze this issue majorly in terms of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and the potential threat from People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN). China adopts diversified ways in its strategic options over South China Sea issue. Therefore, a single perspective cannot clarify China’s behaviors in South China Sea. This thesis discusses China’s South China Sea strategy from political, diplomatic, economic, and military perspectives. By analyzing China’s South China Sea strategy through various angles, this thesis uses numerous collections of data to explain how China’s South China Sea strategy is formed from time, spacial, and dimensional axes. These measures under China’s grand strategy are also adoptable on the issues and disputes on the waters surrounding China, such as China and Japan’s dispute in East China Sea where China sends its maritime enforcement unit. The author of this thesis concludes seven primary measures:
1. Diplomatic measure always comes first. Regardless of crises, China and the conflicting party remain considerable diplomatic interactions.
2. Maritime enforcement unit is the option. China avoids sending its military vessels to dispute waters.
3. Naval vessels visits can be seen as a good measure of diplomacy. China’s warships still conduct visits and joint naval exercises with the conflicting country.
4. Use economy and trade, infrastructure and construction to strengthen bilateral relations. 5. Enhance deep-water drill capability. China can independently exploit the resources in South China Sea. 6. China constantly fastens its military modernization. However, the military measure is for preparation and the last option. 7. Geographic advantage is China’s least advantage. China actively builds its naval base in Sanya. This thesis intends to let its readers understand the South China Sea issue, the attitude and strategy which China adopts.