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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/87020

    Title: The environmental policies of Singapore and Malaysia
    Other Titles: 新加坡與馬來西亞之環境政策
    Authors: 賈士華;Friednash, Joshua David
    Contributors: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
    Keywords: 新加坡;Singapore;Malaysia;Environmental policy;Environmental Governance;馬來西亞;環境政策;環境管理
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2013-04-13 10:35:08 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 長久以來,科學家及環境學家曾指出環境污染問題,這些問題將會持續,也是身為國家公民的我們該面對的。本研究試圖點出馬來西亞與新加坡現存的環境政策重要的觀點,並比較兩國在此議題上的成就,最後判定新馬兩國那一國的環境政策較出色。歷史上及政策上文獻之回顧,以及過去修習有關新馬兩國環境政策課程所做的研究是支持學生下定決心撰寫本論文的動機。更具體的來說,本研究旨在透過新馬兩國政府在政策上評估、設計、執行、培育政策以及決策者內部互動情形來鑑定新馬兩國政府的角色以及政府的可信度。
    馬來西亞在最後的比較中劣於新加坡有幾個原因。馬國的確有能力評估環境上的挑戰並且面對它。然而,馬國似乎認為經濟成長更重要,因為馬國過去經濟並不好。雖然馬國能夠創造環境政策,如: 2020年大馬計劃,但是馬國卻無法達成其政府過去所設立的目標。馬國也無法執行其環境政策,因為馬國內的聯邦無權使用國土並且無法執行各聯邦內想推行的環境政策。至於在訓練課程及教育方面,馬國內部腐敗成風,而且在主要的政府機關常常出現人手不足的現象,以致於無法分配訓練提倡環境上的政策。
    For years Scientists and other environmental experts have warned us about the effects of pollution, and other environmental problems that have and will continue to face us as global citizens. This study was conducted in order to identify other important aspects of existing environmental policies of the countries of Malaysia and Singapore to compare the two in an effort to see which had the better environmental policy. Historical and policy review, and actions through projects over the course of the two countries environmental life was a tool used for basing my decision. Specifically, this research aimed to identify the role and reliability of the countries governments based on the perspectives of how well they could assess, create, implement, and train policy and policy makers within their countries.
    Advantages and disadvantages of both countries projects were weighed and assessed to see if they could meet their goal criteria. To gather the needed data, a review was used. This required the use of many scholarly articles, books, and online resources presented by some of the countries governmental bodies. The results showed that both the countries of Malaysia and Singapore created policies and goals for becoming more sustainable. This in turn resulted in a final comparison of the two countries through various categories. This helped in creating a final decision regarding the more environmentally friendly nation. The basis of my findings resulted in showing that Singapore has done more to become more environmentally aware and friendly than their competing neighbor.
    After the final comparison was done, it was clear that Singapore had better assessed the environmental challenges facing them as they recognized that they were a smaller nation that relied heavily on imported energy. Next, Singapore was better at better policies like the Singapore Green Plans, cleaning up the Singapore River, and found a way to deal with the waste that they did create. Singapore was also successful in meeting their goals in which they set, and therefore could aim higher for the future. Singapore also gained an edge as they could better implement their countries polices, perhaps based on the idea that the people of Singapore fear their government and perhaps that because they are smaller in size as compared to Malaysia.
    Malaysia in the final comparison proved secondary to Singapore for several reasons. Malaysia did have the ability to assess the environmental challenges facing it. However, it seemed as if they felt that economic growth was more important. This was already something that they failed to learn from in the past. While Malaysia could create environmental policies like the Malaysia 2020 plan, they could not meet the goals needed to reach it in the years before. Malaysia also failed in implementation as states in Malaysia have the right to use land and implement policies headed down as they see pleased. As for training and education Malaysia also faced corruption and was heavily understaffed in key offices that allotted training and environmental promotion.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of International Affairs And Strategic Studies] Thesis

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