|摘要: || 二戰後，德國以戰敗國承擔大部分的歷史責任，為獲得國際社會認同，呈現出「親西方政策」、「多邊主義」、「克制文化」等外交政策之原則，美蘇對峙但德國居間還能左右逢源，最終實現兩德再統一。鞏固聯合國架構下的多邊制度主義一直是德國外交與安全政策之基礎，而由安理會主導維持國際和平與安全的任務，目前國際體系已與安理會剛成立時大不相同，使產生其改革聲浪。德國統一後剛好具備推動安理會改革的客觀條件。|
As a defeated state in the Second World War, Germany needed to take the most historical responsibility to return to the international society. Adopting foreign policies such as Westpolitik, multilateralism , culture of power-political restraint and so forth, German gained advantage from east-west conflict , and, thereby, was able to achieve reunification. Foreign & security policy in German is primarily built on the multilateralism under the United Nations（UN） framework. United Nations Security Council （UNSC）is in charge of the maintenance of international peace and security, but the international system has completely changed comparing to the situation when UNSC was founded. German was ready to attempt to the UNSC reform after the reunification.
As model of Civil Powers and being long-term main contributor to the UN budget, German has been in the forefront of an attempt to become new permanent member.
German has stated that it is willing to take international responsibility when the UNSC faces the problems of representation, democracy, transparency and accountability. Affected by the Razali Plan and High Level Panel Report, German was motivated to pay close attention to “size and categories of membership.” This study aims to explain how German persuaded the UNSC reform from the perspective of considering Permanent 5, Italy and Europe Union as external factors and considering the German public opinion and amid parties as internal factors.
The early stage of Gerhard Schroder time, he did not serve permanent seat gaining as priority, but ambitious plan Group of four（G4）for SC expansion more. Since 2003 Iraq war , US has never clearly answered whether she supports German in permanent seat or not. The proposal of “six permanent and four non permanent seats” from the G4, had a bright prospect of winning passage of the SC reform. After Angela Merkel took office, she has stated that the SC reform could go forward by German’s participation in coalition treaty in 2005 and Opening Debate of General Assembly in 2007. Because the reform negotiations have not made progress for years, the German government gradually lost her desire to pursue this goal and turn to support “European seat” instead. Germany suggested that the reform could work by transitional approach whereas other members of G4 opposed. Although the idea of SC expansion is unable to reach an agreement, G4 still remains in 2012.
Base on the literature, this study includes three levels: German diplomacy , Germany in UN and Germany to the SC reform. From these points the research could sum up the relation of German and the SC reform.