本文研究發現為，蘇聯解體前後文化政策理念的轉變為，由封閉轉為開放，由單一化轉為多元化；蘇聯解體後，政府對於文化遺產的保存極為重視，「聯邦計畫『俄羅斯文化』」第二階段的實施投入了許多資金在這部分，而正在施行的第三階段亦延續相同的理念；另外，「俄羅斯文化基本法」雖然強調，要減少國家在文化領域的干涉程度，然而由文化部每段期間所推出的文化推動方案，不難看出俄國當局在文藝活動上仍有極大的影響力。 The MOC works to create an environment in which cultural activities thrive, where cultural heritage is preserved and people – regardless of background or status – have opportunities to express themselves culturally.
Russia has a long cultural history and is renowned for its culture and arts. This history has undergone a long evolutionary process, from its origins way back in the 9th century, to 12th century Mongolian rule, and all the way upto today’s post-Soviet contemporary culture. Through a close examination of Russian cultural history, this study looks at change in Russian cultural policy before and after the collapse of the Soviet Union. To do so, it draws on various sources, including the Basic Law of the Russian Federation on Culture, as well as related websites and news articles.
This study found that after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the concept of cultural policy changed from closed to open, from homogeneous to diverse. The Russian government began to place great emphasis on Russian cultural heritage, and started to channel considerable funds into this area through the “Culture of Russia” Federal Target Programme. Although it states otherwise, the Russian government today remains a major influence in Russian cultural activities.