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|Other Titles: ||Research on the impact of ECFA on the cross-strait political and economic development|
|Authors: ||林仁義;Lin, Ren-Yih|
潘錫堂;郭展禮;Pan, Hsi-tang;GUO, ZHAN-LI
|Keywords: ||經濟合作架構協議;自由貿易協定;兩岸關係發展;早期收穫;更緊密經貿關係協定;Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement;free trade agreement;the development cross-strait of relations;Early Harvest;Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement|
|Issue Date: ||2013-04-13 10:32:13 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: ||論文名稱：ECFA對兩岸政經發展影響之研究 頁數：101 校系(所)組別：淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士在職專班|
研究生：林仁義 指導教授：潘錫堂 博士 郭展禮 博士
Title of Thesis：Research on the Impact of Total pages:101
ECFA on the Cross-strait
Political and Economic Development
Key word:Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement、
Free Trade Agreement、
the development cross-strait of relations、
Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement、
Name of Institute:Graduate Institute of China Study,Tamkang
Graduate date:June,2012 Degree conferred: Master
Name of student:REN-YIH LIN Advisor:Dr.HSI-TANG PAN
林仁義 潘錫堂 博士
Taiwan has very close trade relations with China. Apart from being Taiwan’s biggest export destination, China has become Taiwan’s largest source of trade surplus. The economic interdependence across the Strait has witnessed an increasingly closer bond. However, the increasing economic and trade interactions require coordination and cooperation mechanisms to eliminate cross-strait trade barriers and achieve a win-win situation. This has now topped the agenda of the cross-strait issues. The signing of Economic Cooperation Frame Agreement (ECFA) not only serves as the most representative indicator of the cross-strait relations, but also has future implication for cross-strait peace. How to improve the relations between Taiwan and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) by way of ECFA to further Taiwan’s integration into the East Asian economy and avoid the crisis of being economically marginalized is Taiwan’s long-term economic development. Therefore, the signing of ECFA will have impacts on the development of cross-strait relations and serve as the biggest challenge to Taiwan’s entry into the international society.
This research adopts the integrative theory to exam all possible aspects of the signing of ECFA by the two sides across the Strait, including the key role played by ECFA in cross-strait economics and trade, the characteristics of ECFA under the WTO framework and the important contents of ECFA. The impacts of ECFA on the development of cross-strait relations are explained from the macro perspective. In addition, examples of important regional trade agreements in the world are given, such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), European Union Economic Partnership Agreement, Framework Agreement on ASEAN－China Economic Cooperation (ASEAN-China FTA) and Mainland and Hong Kong Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement (CEPA). The research on the development of cross-strait relations after the signing of ECFA by the two sides across the Strait is conducted based on the comprehensive analysis by referencing scopes, items, dispute settlement mechanisms and operational models of other agreements and examining the current impacts on the two parties.
To reflect the implementation of ECFA in the past year, although there has been significant growth in the service sector (such as the tourism industry, financial industry and the growing number of Chinese students studying in Taiwan), other domestic sectors have nonetheless been adversely affected (agricultural and manufacturing industries). Considering the negotiation of ECFA, political distrust of the cross-strait relations inside Taiwan still runs high, not to mention the absence of a mechanism which helps integrate interests of different sectors and the lack of consensus among the government, the opposition and the society. Therefore, the Ma government has clearly adopted protectionism for fear that ECFA becomes the scapegoat for unemployment, negative impacts on business sectors and deterioration of income distribution.
|Appears in Collections:||[Graduate Institute of China Studies] Thesis|
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