Taiwan is an immigrant society, except Taiwan aborigines, other tribes and groups are all foreign race. Due to Han people were the main immigrants in earlier period, the process of adjustment and the period of adaptation are much easier comparatively. But since the government declared that Taiwan begin allowing citizens to visit their relatives in China in 1987, cross-strait interactions have increased, and the cross-strait marriage are also increased rapidly. Although there are no huge difference between Taiwanese and female marriage immigrants from mainland china in languages, they became victims in politics in such a tense and conflicting situation. All kinds of policies restrict their life and development in Taiwan.
After President Ma was in power in 2008, in order to further protect the rights and interests of Mainland spouses living in Taiwan and carry out President Ma’s platform on immigration, which advocates giving “marriage immigrants humanitarian treatment and the right to employment protection,” the Mainland Affairs Council upholds four principles, including “anti-prejudice,” “the rule of law principle in democratic countries,” “protection of basic rights and interests of real marriage Mainland spouses living in Taiwan,” and “eradication of false marriages.” MAC communicates with marriage immigrants and human rights group frequently, negotiates with relevant agencies to amend the law “Act Governing Relations Between The People Of The Taiwan Area And The Mainland Area” and adjust the mainland spouses system, provided the rights of mainland spouses better protection. However, if they apply for entering Taiwan to visit their relatives by marriage fraud, and do prostitution or other illegal activities that really influence our society so much. Over the past years, it made a bad impact on our public security when facing mainland people do illegal activities by legal or illegal way to immigrate to Taiwan. Our government has to face the changes of demographic composition in immigration laws, social welfare, personal or family basic rights. How to manage immigrants and prevent crime efficiently is the most important lessons so far in this immigrant wave.
The purpose of this study is through literature analysis, depth interviews, and empirical research methods to explore the motives of cross-strait marriage, the development process since 1987, and the history of the mainland spouse system. Moreover, understand the current status of mainland spouses and its related issues.
In order to deal with the increasing immigration business, National Immigration Agency was established on February 1th, 2007. NIA’s functions and powers are based on the border control subject to the former Immigration Bureau and businesses related to immigration from the Council of the Overseas Chinese Affairs and the Department of Population under the Ministry of the Interior. The NIA also encompasses partial duties of the Foreign Affairs Division of the National Police Agency, the Foreign Affairs and Mainland Affairs Sections of the Police Bureaus nationwide, the Document Examination Brigades of the Aviation and Harbor Police Offices, and Special Police First, Fourth, and Fifth Headquarters.
Taking Taoyuan county special operation brigade for example, do the field interview to immigration officers who are in charge of basic interview and Mainland spouses who has already got the qualification for permanent residency. Furthermore, analyzing the meaning of the interviews for Mainland spouses and the problem of living adaptation of mainland spouses in Taiwan. Finally, recommending the problem found in the cross-strait marriage, and exploring how to construct the future development of the cross-strait marriage.