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    題名: 中國大陸經濟增長模式與轉型之分析
    其他題名: The analysis of China's economy : growth model and transition
    作者: 林昀嬋;Lin, Yun-Chan
    貢獻者: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士班
    李志強
    關鍵詞: 中國大陸;經濟增長模式;轉型;十二五規畫;China;Economic Growth Model;Economic Transition;12th Five-Year Plan
    日期: 2012
    上傳時間: 2013-04-13 10:31:11 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 自1978年中國大陸經濟改革開始,中國大陸平均每年的GDP增長率都高達9.9% ,甚至在全球金融危機下,中國大陸2008年的GDP增長率竟達8.9% ,而2010年中國大陸官方統計的GDP增長率更是高達10.8% 。如此驚人的GDP增長率讓全球對於中國大陸這個經濟體的強大有了更新的一層的認知。
    但是中國大陸當前偏向比較利益的經濟增長模式,一方面讓中國大陸成了非常龐大且不可忽視的經濟體,另一方面則是導致中國大陸內部社會問題層出不窮,更有問題加深的現象,例如:中國大陸的環境問題、能源消耗問題、貧富差距問題。
    因此,近年來許多經濟學家皆認為該是中國大陸經濟轉型的時候了,藉由中國大陸的每五年規劃,讓中國大陸的經濟增長模式逐漸脫離原本低勞動力、低環境成本的方式,改為以高技術等的方式來做為經濟成長的主力。
    本研究的目的主要是希望能夠瞭解中國大陸經濟改革後經濟增長的模式、瞭解當前中國大陸經濟增長模式所產生的效益與問題、探討中國大陸在未來經濟增長模式轉型的可行性等以上三點。
    在研究後發現,中國大陸未來要實現經濟增長模式轉型仍具有一定的困難性。不僅中國大陸對於政策上的具體制定依然屬於較為表面的做法,並沒有實際碰觸到體制上真正阻擋轉型的問題;同時在營造適合轉型後的經濟環境上,也稍嫌不足。尤其是在金融環境上對於資金流動以及資訊流通的限制上,依然還有非常大的開放空間。
    Since economic reforms in China began in 1978,the average of Gross Domestic Product(GDP)growth rate is up to 9.9%.Even under the global financial crisis, the China’s Gross Domestic Product(GDP)growth rate is 8.9% in 2008. And in 2010, the official statistic of China shows that the Gross Domestic Product(GDP)growth rate is still up to 10.8%. This amazing Gross Domestic Product(GDP)growth rate make everyone knows the China’s economy is much more powerful than what we thought.
    China’s current economic growth model is more tend to the comparative advantage. On the one hand, it makes China become the most important and biggest country, but on the other hand, when China’s economic is getting better, it gets much more social problems, and it’s getting worse than ever. Problems such as environmental pollution、energy consumption、the gap between rich and poor, Etc.
    Therefore, many economists think it’s time for the economic transformation in China. This Transition will work under the China’s five-year plan. It will make China’s economic growth model breaks away from the low labor and low environmental costs. The high-tech industry will be the leading role of economic growth in China.
    There are three purposes in this thesis. First, to understand China’s economic growth model after the economy reforms. Second,to understand the benefits and problems under the current economic growth model. Third, to analysis the possibilities of the economy transition in China.
    After the research, it is realized that its difficult for China to achieve the economic transition. It’s not just because the 12th five-year plan is not specific enough, but also inadequacies on the process of building the business environment, especially the limit on the capital’s flow and the information exchange.
    顯示於類別:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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