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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/86946

    Title: 中共的政治改革之理念與實踐(2002-2012)
    Other Titles: A study of the development in China's political reforms
    Authors: 官龍天;Guan, Lung-Tian
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士班
    Keywords: 政治改革;政治體制改革;人權;民主;Political Reforms;Reforms of Political System;Human Rights;Democracy
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2013-04-13 10:30:50 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 中共政府長期以來都是著重於經濟改革,卻是卻遲遲沒有進行政治改革的型態,導致許多社會問題產生。過去在中共在一九七九年的「十一屆三中全會」後,曾經有改革派的高層欲進行政治改革,從鄧小平提出此一構想開始,至胡耀邦、趙紫陽等,但是最後都以失敗告終。中共在2002年起,領導人職務正式由胡錦濤與溫家寶接手,外界多認為這兩位領導人有著開明與開放的印象,因此對此二位領導人,有著對政治改革的期盼。
    The CPC has emphasized on economic reforms in the long term. But their dragging on political reforms led to social problems. In 1979, after the Third Plenary Session of the 11th Ventral Committee, there were high level reformists who wanted to conduct political reforms. Started from Deng Xiaoping’s propose to Hu Yaobang, and Zhao Ziyang, etc. However, all of them ended up failed. Since 2002, Hu Jintao and Wen Jiabao has officially taken the position of CPC leader, many people think that both leaders are open and enlightened. Therefore, people expect their doings on political reforms.

      Since Deng Xiaoping’s period, the CPC had already proceed to conduct “political reforms” and “reforms of political system.” In the efforts of Hu Yaobang, Zhao Ziyang, and other politicians who are reform-minded, they successfully completed the ‘’reforms of political system. “However, “political reforms” and its supporters were being banned by the CPC government after the “Tienanmen Square Massacre occurred” .Meanwhile, the CPC government are declaring the importance of “political reforms” and “reforms of political system.” Especially Wen is continuously speaking of this kind of issues in recent years. It seems really interesting that what exactly are the high level CPCs have in their mind. But in recent years, the “political reforms” contains many ideas and directions, which are similar to those in the past. It is doubtful that whether CPC is having their “political reforms” banner, which follows the old ideas and ended up nothing.

      Currently, among all the political problems of CPC government, the most in need of improvement ones are the one-party dominance caused by party and government union, and human rights problems. The system of CPC government has always been one-party dominance since established till now. And the permanent ruling party makes the politics intervened by the ruling party. Different opinions from different parties are unacceptable. As for human rights, it’s not only a political problem, but a social, diplomatic, and other perspective problem. Human rights in China has always been an international high light. Even some western countries have human rights diplomatic policies. Besides, there would be more disturbances if there are no changes in human rights problems. Xingjiang and Tibet are the most distinctive examples. Therefore, the CPC government should do both “political reforms” and “reforms of political system” at once to wipe away the backlog problems.
    Appears in Collections:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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