With the rapid development of world, diversification has become one of the major phenomena, this trend reflects the need of cross-cultural education. In view of this, to expand students'' international perspective and have multi-cultural attitude are the main objective of foreign language teaching.
Language learning is culture learning, especially in the foreign language teaching. Understanding cultural knowledge is the key to study language. Culture is crucial factor in Language teaching and learning. Changes in linguistic and learning theory demonstrate that culture can be used as an important element in language classrooms. The relationship between culture and language is inseparable. Take culture as the background, regard training students’ language skills (listening, speaking, reading and writing) as the main purpose, pass through and insert the knowledge of the language among them. Besides, culture learning can reduce the difficulties of language learning. Adopting it will improve the efficiency of teaching and learning. While neglecting, it will make all the efforts in vain. It is impossible to teach language well without the knowledge of culture background. In other words, the teaching of the cultural knowledge is the key to reach teaching goal of language.
Material is a very important medium in teaching. The material has important impacts of language acquisition. For this reason, we must pay attention to the content of culture at the materials. The cultural content is a key to effective teaching and learning a language. Material should be used in accordance with students'' level, teaching goal, syllabus, moreover, adds that suitable tasks can be given to learners. Considering this, any material should be used to complete the gap between the competency and performance of the language learners in order to achieve the teaching goal, which is a common problem among the nonnative speakers. This requires the language patterns being put into practice in real life situations. Therefore, how to introduce the subject cultural at the course and the material selected whether or not it conforms to the standard are very important.
In recent years, the teaching of culture is concerned increasingly in Taiwan, but still a new issue, we are short of the bibliography or thesis related. This paper aims to research the concept of culture and describe the situation of culture teaching and learning, and further, analyze the materials of culture courses in order to evaluated these materials and answer the questions of when and how authentic materials should be used in classrooms, and how cultural content may be included in the curriculum.
By the discussion and analysis the thesis, we hope this study can provide information about the circumstances of teaching culture and the result of measure can be used as teaching reference or basis.
Keywords: intercultural education, foreign language teaching, cultural knowledge, cultural teaching, cultural teaching materials