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    Title: J-POP歌詞についての歌詞分析 : 頻出語彙.動詞文型およびテーマを視点として
    Other Titles: J-POP歌詞分析 : 常用語彙.動詞文型以及歌曲題材為中心
    Analysis of J-POP lyrics : about frequent words, verb and sentence, song's theme
    Authors: 李欣旆;Lee, Hsin-Pei
    Contributors: 淡江大學日本語文學系碩士班
    落合由治;Ochiai, Yuji
    Keywords: 歌詞;構成;語彙,文型;主題;J-POP;Lyrics;format;words,sentence;theme;語彙・文型;テーマ
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2013-04-13 10:29:17 (UTC+8)
    Abstract:  本論文的分析對象為1991年至2010年日本ORICON單曲年度排行榜前5名的歌曲,探討其20年之間J-POP歌詞的使用變化。從名詞、動詞文型的角度研究至今未曾探討過之歌曲構成、歌曲主題與歌詞的關係也是目的之一。
     首先,收集20年間的歌詞資料,並將歌詞以歌詞本文、歌曲構成、語彙、文型的4個部份整理成表格。本論文的分析對象共109首,根據各分析結果得知J-POP的歌曲構成基本型態為 Aメロ+Bメロ+サビ。接著第2章及第3章以歌曲構成和歌曲主題為中心探討名詞和動詞文型的各種使用變化,以歌曲構成的角度來說Aメロ的名詞使用率較高,動詞文型則不受構成影響。而歌曲主題為情歌時Aメロ的名詞使用率較高,非情歌則是於 Bメロ。另一方面,動詞文型的使用變化僅見於非情歌的 Bメロ。經過分析後了解J-POP歌詞的語彙變化與歌曲構成和歌曲主題是有所關連的,常用之名詞、動詞文型的分析中也可發現各年代所傾向使用的語彙表現。最後,第4章以歌曲主題為中心以掌握情歌與非情歌常用之人稱代名詞語彙、時間空間類語彙、感情類語彙。其中,感情類語彙不受歌曲主題影響,以消極的表現為主,但人稱代名詞語彙的特徵為「あなた」以及複數人稱的使用,時間空間類語彙為季節表現和時間副詞的使用做為判斷歌曲主題的基準。
     本論文依照上述之方法首度嘗試分析J-POP歌詞與歌曲構成的關係,經研究得知在這20年內J-POP歌詞保持一定的結構。而名詞、動詞文型的使用變化和特徵也會因歌曲主題而有所不同。情歌重視名詞和 Aメロ,非情歌重視動詞文型和 Bメロ。語彙的使用則是以感情類最特別,不論歌曲主題都以消極的表現為主,但情歌展現的是無奈與感傷,非情歌則是展現不安與無力感之下所製作。
    This paper’s analysis of object is Top 5 singles that charted on Oricon’s year ranking between 1991-2010. The purpose is to find out how J-POP lyrics’s transform of the past 20 years, and to research the structure and the theme’s connection between songs from the grammar of noun and verb’s point of view.
    The first step was to collect the lyrics in the past 20 years, then to summarize those lyrics into four formats: lyrics’s format, frequent words, verb and sentence. According to the result of chapter 1, the basic of J-POP song’s format is “Verse+Bridge+Chorus”. Second, in chapter 2 and 3,the main point is to investigate the change of frequent words, verb and sentence from the format and the theme of song’s point of view. The verb and sentence didn’t affected by the song’s format, but the frequent words was increase at “Verse”. Besides, on Love songs, the utilization ratio of frequent words are much higher than others at “Verse”, non-love songs is at “Bridge”. On the other hand, the verb and sentence’s change can only seen on non-love songs at “Bridge”. Finally, The main point of chapter 4 is on song’s theme, to comprehend the vocabularies of personal pronoun, time/space, emotion in love songs and non-love songs. The vocabularies of emotion words wouldn''t affected by song’s theme, and were negative words. The vocabularies of pronoun and time/space have common point, which we can realize the standards of song’s theme. To divide love songs and non-love songs which depends on the using of personal pronouns of “you”, third person plural pronoun, season vocabulary, and adverb of time.
    This paper is the first paper try to challenge J-POP lyrics and song format. The results of this paper , we can figure out J-POP lyrics has regular format in past 20 years. Frequent words, verb and sentence were change depends on song’s theme. Love songs attach great importance to noun and “Verse”, non-love songs pays much attention to verb, sentence and “Bridge”.The result shows emotionally vocabularies are usually appeal in a negative way and there are some differences between love songs and non-love songs.
    Appears in Collections:[日本語文學系暨研究所 ] 學位論文

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