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    Title: 歐洲文化首都之城市文化再造 : 以法國里爾為例
    Other Titles: Study on the impact of European capital of culture and urban planning : through the example of Lille, France
    Recherches sur l'impact d'une capitale Européenne de la culture dans le renouvellement culturel, l'exemple de la ville de Lille
    Authors: 吳詩瑩;Wu, Shih-Ying
    Contributors: 淡江大學法國語文學系碩士班
    梁蓉
    Keywords: 歐洲文化首都;文化交流;文化政策;跨文化對話;城市再造;European capital of culture;cultural policy;Cultural Exchange;cross-cultural dialogue;urban renewal;La Capitale europeenne de la culture;la politique culturelle;le dialogue interculturel;le renouvellement culturel de la ville
    Date: 2013
    Issue Date: 2013-04-13 10:28:59 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 歷經一九五二年「歐洲煤鋼共同體」、一九五八年歐洲經濟共同體等階段與組織變化後,歐洲整合運動於一九九三年正式成立「歐洲聯盟」,目標為建立歐洲地區的和平與繁榮,且加強歐洲的經濟與社會發展。歐盟目前共有二十七名會員國,期望藉由實行共同的外交安全、經濟政策,強化聯盟在國際之地位與發揮歐洲大陸之影響力。隨著歐洲之經濟發展逐漸穩定,政治民主化與社會繁榮之發展下,存在於境內之文化認知分歧的情況仍舊存在,如無法增進彼此之文化認同,將使歐洲整合的過程中產生許多困難與阻礙。有鑑於此,為爭取公民的認同,歐盟推出「歐洲意識」、「歐洲認同」理念,拉近各會員國距離,期望透過文化相關計畫與行動,開啟彼此之溝通平台,鼓勵欣賞彼此之多元文化與遺產;對歐洲大陸以外的國家,也可以藉此展現歐洲文化在相互融合之下, 所呈現出多種的、且多面貌、具有文化內涵的 形貌,展現歐洲文化之豐富內涵與正面形象。

    在眾多歐盟文化交流計畫與行動中,本論文擬以自一九八五年即實行至今的「歐洲文化首都」作為研究主題,分別探討:一、歐盟文化行動發展過程、法源根據與重要的歐盟文化行動與成果;二、法國文化交流之政策與城市文化再造相關的策略與方向;三、歐洲文化首都之象徵意涵及實質效益和影響力;四、里爾成為歐洲文化首都之前城市變化與影響。

    依循上述四個研究內容,探究歐洲文化首都之緣起、目的、相關法源政策、經費、活動成效與未來發展,歸納出歐洲文化首都之特點,探討成為歐洲文化首都是否對於城市文化再造有所助益;最後以法國里爾市( Lille )為研究案例,分析成為歐洲文化首都後,對於城市內部的建設、對外形象的塑造、經濟發展之效益與影響為何,同時檢視里爾是否符合歐洲文化首都之期望特點,亦以此反思城市是否可藉由舉辦藝術節慶等文化活動,活絡當地經濟與建設,吸引人潮,進而扭轉城市形象,於此目的下,筆者將就歐盟與法國相關之官方文獻、法條與內容、國內外相關學術論文著作、專書、媒體相關報導等文獻資料蒐集與整理後,進行相關議題分析與探討,歸結歐洲文化首都對於城市文化再造之影響。
    After years of organizational changes as European Coal and Steel Community in 1952, the European Economic Community in 1958, the European integration movement was formally established as European Community in 1993. The objective is for the peace and prosperity in European regional, and also to strengthen the economic and social development in Europe.

    Even though the economic development in Europe is in a gradual stabilization, the differences of culture consciences are still a great challenge for the union. Therefore, the EU launched many cultural activities to encourage the communication and appreciation of each other''s diversity of cultural heritage. In this research, the main theme will be focused on European Capital of Culture which is practiced since 1985. The topics are: 1. The movement of Cultural actions in EU and the results; 2. The strategy and cultural policy relevant cultural exchange in France; 3. The impact of European Capital of Culture; 4. The changes and the renewal for Lille city before and after being European Capital of culture.
    Appears in Collections:[法國語文學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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