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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/86905

    Title: The satire of the maldevelopment of human rationalism in Margaret Atwood's The handmaid's tale and Oryx and crake
    Other Titles: 瑪格麗特.愛特伍<<使女的故事>>與<<末世男女>>對人類理性主義畸形發展之諷刺
    Authors: 蔡曉晴;Tsai, Sincere Hsiao-Ching
    Contributors: 淡江大學英文學系博士班
    黃逸民;Huang, I-Min
    Keywords: 畸形發展;理性主義;生態女性主義;不可預測性;諷刺;satire;maldevelopment;Rationalism;ecofeminism;randomness
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2013-04-13 10:28:31 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本論文旨在探討瑪格麗特.愛特伍小說《使女的故事》與《末世男女》對人類理性主義畸形發展之諷刺與批判。透過諷刺筆法,作者呈現出畸形發展的人性導致畸形發展的人類理性主義,並因此造成人類對自然環境、生態系統、和人類社會的畸形發展,導致地球環境和人文社會的破壞。本論文使用生態女性觀點,分析比較這兩本小說所呈現的諷刺批判意涵,顯示人類濫用理性主義所引起的生態危機。
    The focus of this dissertation is an analysis of Margaret Atwood’s criticism of rationalism through the use of satire, showing that the maldevelopment of human nature results in the maldevelopment of natural environments, ecosystems, and human societies leading to the degradation of the earth and causing many social problems in the world. In this dissertation, I use an eco-feminist perspective to analyze and compare the satiric messages and meanings in the two novels of Atwood, The Handmaid’s Tale and Oryx and Crake. Using such a critique, it becomes clear that Atwood’s novels satirically reveal how ecological problems derive mainly from the excesses of human nature manifested in the very institutions human beings have developed in the exercise of their excessive rationalism.
    I explain my motivation and concerns of this dissertation in the Introduction. Chapter One is an introduction of my focuses, including satire, human rationalism, ecofeminism, and theoretical background. Firstly, I would like to analyze how Atwood uses a satirical approach to ridicule modern phenomena and important issues, thereby revealing the maldevelopment of human rationalism. Secondly, I would like to analyze the two novels using an eco-feminist perspective, which provides insight into socio-political, economical, scientific, and technological problems, as well as indicates a way to restore a harmonious relationship between human beings and nature. The third point of analysis is the power of randomness and its subversive power in the deconstruction and reconstruction of the world and human society. With the open endings of the two novels, Atwood suggests hope for people in random possibilities instead of in rationalism.
    Chapter Two provides an analysis of the maldevelopment of human rationalism in Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale. The novel portrays the failed efforts of the Commanders, the ruling class, to set up a theocratic military government in order to fix the problems of infertility in women and nature, as well as to reverse the social ecological degradations of the world. In this part, I would like to analyze the maldevelopment of the religion of the Commanders first, and then discuss how they pervert politics and laws to suspend human rights and objectify the female body. Atwood shows how the maldevelopment of human rationalism can lead to a function-oriented dystopia and bring further destruction.
    Chapter Three is an analysis of the maldevelopment of human rationalism in Oryx and Crake. In this part, I analyze how the maldevelopment of science and capitalism (human rationalism) brings forth an unbalanced profit-oriented society and eventually leads to the extreme catastrophe of the Red Death. As a modern satire of biblical stories, Atwood’s novel parodies the stories of Genesis and provides prophetic warnings to its readers.
    In my conclusion, I criticize the maldevelopments that ensue from human rationalism in the two novels, and highlight the power of randomness. Furthermore, I suggest some ways that the eco-feminist perspective can help human beings forge a more harmonious relationship between themselves and nature in order to deal with the social ecological degradations of the world in modern societies. With moral pluralism and limited human desires, people can set up a more well-rounded society.
    Appears in Collections:[英文學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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