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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/86900

    Title: How to say "no" : cross-cultural and interlanguage perceptual variations in the refusal behavior
    Other Titles: 跨文化與外語語用學 : 以拒絕語為例
    Authors: 翁宗翰;Weng, Tsung-han
    Contributors: 淡江大學英文學系碩士班
    余明忠;Yu, Ming-chung
    Keywords: 跨文化語用學;外語語用學;拒絕語;感知;cross-cultural pragmatics;interlanguage pragmatics;refusals;Perception
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2013-04-13 10:28:12 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究主在從跨文化與外語語用學的觀點來探討「拒絕語」言語行為。藉由比較台灣英語學習者與英語及中文為母語者之拒絕感知行為,本研究之目的為三。一為從跨文化的角度來看,以中文為母語者其拒絕語之感知行為是否與英文為母語者有所相同或差異。二為社會文化因素,即社會低位高低與熟悉程度,是否影響三組語言使用者在拒絕策略用語的選擇。三為從外語語用學的角度來說,台灣英語學習者之語用轉移現象是否存在於感知層面呢?
    This study investigated the speech act of refusals from the perspectives of cross-cultural and interlanguage pragmatics. By comparing Taiwanese EFL learners’ refusal perception with that of both native Chinese and English speakers, this study aimed to find 1) whether there were similarities and differences in their refusal perception between native speakers of Chinese and English, 2) whether the two social variables (i.e. status and distance) may influence the speakers’ refusal perception, and 3) if learners’ pragmatic transfer existed in perceptual level.
    An acceptability judgment questionnaire was used to probe participants’ perception towards the refusal speech act behavior. With the production materials generated by the discourse completion task (DCT), the current study elicited participants to evaluate four refusal strategies on a five-point politeness Likert scale in sixteen situations. The repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) was conducted to detach the pragmatic perception among the speakers of English, Chinese, and Taiwanese EFL learners.
    The results showed that there were significant differences in the perception of refusal strategies between native speakers of Chinese and English. These findings therefore corroborate that cross-cultural differences in the refusal behavior exist in the perceptual level. Furthermore, the social factors (i.e. social status and distance) did have an influence on speakers’ selection of the appropriate strategies. Finally, Taiwanese EFL learners’ pragmatic perception reflected both their native and target socio-cultural norms. It is hoped this study can make some contributions to the understanding of the refusal speech act; and more importantly, these findings have practical implications for L2 teaching and learning.
    Appears in Collections:[英文學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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