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    Title: 第二次世界大戰後緬甸的華人政策
    Other Titles: The ethnic Chinese policy of the Myanmar since World War II
    Authors: 黃雅涵;Huang, Ya-Han
    Contributors: 淡江大學亞洲研究所碩士班
    陳鴻瑜
    Keywords: 緬甸;華人;同化;政策;華教;Myanmar;ethnic Chinese;Assimilation Policy;Chinese Education
    Date: 2013
    Issue Date: 2013-04-13 10:24:42 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 緬甸華人經歷了緬甸王朝、三次英緬戰爭、英國殖民勢力進入緬甸、日本殖民、戰後獨立及軍政府上台,到現在改革開放等各個時期,在這些時期裡,每個當權者都對華人政策有所興革。緬甸華人一如東南亞其他國家的華人,適應變通,才能立足於緬甸社會。
    在經過1960年代緬甸化運動後,緬甸華人大都被馴化,改換國籍,加入緬籍。在透過緬化政策的洗禮後,緬甸華人加速融入緬甸社會。華人所依賴的華文教育,只能在非正式情況下繼續存在,除此之外,華人之商業活動也因為緬甸遭到國際經濟制裁,而無法出現大規模的企業公司。
    隨著2011年開始在總統吳登盛的帶領下,展開了一系列的改革開放,包括:開放媒體報導、釋放政治犯、積極邀請翁山蘇姬參與政治活動、與國內少數民族和解、開放外商投資等等新政,對華人之限制措施是否也因此解禁,正為大多數緬甸華人引領企盼。
    In a long history of Myanmar, the ethnic Chinese went up and down with this historic wave, such as the stages of Kingdom of Myanmar, Anglo-Myanmar war, British colonial administration, Japanese occupation, independence and military governance, and reform and open policy. Just as the Chinese in other Southeast Asia countries, the Chinese Myanmar had to flexibly adapt to the situations and hold their foot in Myanmar society.
    Through the acculturation of Myanmar in the 1960s, most of the Chinese being tainted, they choose the nationality of Myanmar and speed to melt them into Myanmar society. But the Chinese education can only be existed informative in temple or school without recognition by the Myanmar government. The Chinese commercial firms also suffered from the economic sanction by the West countries. With the reformation of President Thein Sein since 2011, to left the restricted policy toward the Chinese would be expected by the Chinese in Myanmar.
    Appears in Collections:[亞洲研究所] 學位論文

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