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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/86865

    Title: 日本地方自治改革 : 少子高齢化, 過疎化の問題を視点として
    Other Titles: 日本地方自治改革 : 以少子高齡化, 過疏化為脈絡的觀察
    On the reformation of the Japanese local self-government : an inspection from its social context of low birth rate, population ageing, and local depopulation
    Authors: 李祖嘉;Lee, Tsu-Chia
    Contributors: 淡江大學亞洲研究所碩士班
    Keywords: 少子化;高齡化;少子高齡化;過疏化;東京一極集中;日本地方自治;日本地方分權改革;地域活性化;low birth rate;population ageing;local depopulation;Tokyo centralization;Japanese local self-government;Japanese local self-government reformation;local revitalization;高齢化;少子高齢化;過疎化;日本地方分権改革
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2013-04-13 10:24:32 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本文主要的目的,是要嘗試分析日本在20世紀末所面臨的一連串地方分權改革,有沒有一條清晰可辨的歷史路徑可資概括理解,又在這樣的理解路徑之下,地方分權改革是否有效的達成其目的?
    The main idea of this paper is to try to make an analysis on the Japanese local self-government reformation at the end of the 20th century. Furthermore, the research under that idea should be capable of providing a clear thread of the entire reformation as well as its social and history backgrounds, and of checking if the reformation succeeded in any goals it intended to achieve.
    During the globalization and the world-wide reformation of government administration, Japan made reformations on both central government and local self-government. The political centralization of the Japanese nation power began early from the Meiji era and resulted in various problems nowadays including the so-called Tokyo centralization. These problems accompanied by the depopulation in non-Tokyo areas and the rapid declining of the birth rate all over the country are responsible for the local devitalization in non-Tokyo areas.
    This research begins with the population ageing and the depopulation problems by means of both literature review and field research. In the field research, the problems people encountered and the efforts they made can be derived and shown at first hand. Under such knowledge and backgrounds, this research re-confirms the so-called ‘30% self-government’ phenomenon and therefore concludes that it is hard to say that the entire reformation succeeded in reaching any goals at any level.
    Nevertheless, the situation changed dramatically in recent years. The turning point is that the local citizens, instead of the central government itself or the political elites, start to make their ways to revitalize local area by their own hands to meet their particular needs. Such ideas are founded in the arguments, such as Osaka Metropolis Plan and the Federated State. The research illustrates the interaction between this kind of local revitalization activities and the Tokyo centralization phenomenon, and then takes one step further towards the future reformation of the Japanese local self-government.
    Appears in Collections:[亞洲研究所] 學位論文

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