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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/86863

    Title: 日本導入首相公選制之探討
    Other Titles: A discussion about the implement of the direct election of the prime minister in Japan
    Authors: 宋惠芸;Song, Hui-Yun
    Contributors: 淡江大學亞洲研究所碩士在職專班
    許慶雄;Hsu, Ching-Hsiung
    Keywords: 政府體制;首相公選制;議會內閣制;總統制;天皇制;Form of Government;Direct Election of Prime Minister;Parliamentary System;Presidential System;Emperor (Tenno) System;政府体制;大統領制
    Date: 2013
    Issue Date: 2013-04-13 10:24:12 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 日本於明治維新改革時,為強化天皇權能,乃仿效同為君主國家之英國,採用議會內閣制。然而日本實施議會內閣制之效果卻與英國大相逕庭,首相更迭頻繁,閣僚任職期間亦很短暫,導致日本政局極度不穩定,嚴重影響日本整體發展,因此日本有志改革之士提倡以首相公選制替代議會內閣制。
    During Meiji Restoration, in order to strengthen the power of the Emperor, Japan imitated the monarchy, such as Britain, to adopt parliamentary system. However, the results of the parliamentary system in Japan were totally different from Britain. The Prime Minister keeps changing; the term of office of the governmental officers is short as well. The political situation was unstable, and had seriously affected the development of Japan. Therefore, the reformers advocated the direct election of Prime Minister instead of parliamentary system.
    Direct election of Prime Minister stands for the Prime Minister is elected directly by Japanese citizen, and guarantees the Prime Minister a certain period of term of office. This opinion had been advocated by Dr. Junji Nomura, Mr. Yasuhiro Nakasone and Mr. Junichiro Koizumi in 1946, 1962 and 2001. Japanese citizen’s attitude toward direct election of Prime Minister has changed from ignoring to support. As we can see, people in Japan have been tired of the changing of the Prime Minister. Japanese people hope that direct election can stabilize the political status of the Prime Minister and strengthen his or her leadership to lead the governmental team to step out of the recession and turn over a new leaf for Japan.
    However, does the direct election really help stabilize the political situation? What will happen after the direct election put into practice? More importantly, what is the significance of direct election? What is the difference among direct election, presidential system and parliamentary system? Will the direct election make the coopetition with the emperor (Tenno) system? To understand those questions, this thesis collected the data and analyzed the history of direct election, the basic issue of implementing direct election, the essence of direct election, the design and implementation strategy of direct election and the feasibility study. We hope we can comprehend the whole concept of direct election system and realize Japanese citizen’s expectation for politicians and the thoughts of Japanese statesmen in order to understand Japanese political situation.
    Appears in Collections:[亞洲研究所] 學位論文

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