本文以雷根政府簽署的國家安全指令（NSDD）以及其他戰略對抗蘇聯，包括雷根主義、軍備競賽、政治圍堵、經濟制裁以及對蘇聯人民思想的同化，使原本已疲弱不堪的蘇聯經濟，又受到嚴重打擊，因此，戈巴契夫提出「新思維」改革，不過已積重難返。本論文主旨在於雷根政府如何加速蘇聯的解體，雷根政府在以非武力的「整體戰略」對抗蘇聯，也由此可知，戰爭不一定發生在戰場，美國對蘇聯的和平演變也是蘇聯加速瓦解的原因之一。 The question addressed by this paper is how Reagan’s policy significantly led the fall of the Soviet Union. Some believe that little connection between the fall of the Soviet Union and the role of Reagan’s foreign policy. This thesis applies the historical approach to analyze the Reagan’s strategies through the documents, relevant personal biography and the government publications. The strategies of the Reagan Administration included containment, economic pressure and the “Strategic Defense Initiative.” By the long terms arm races, Reagan Administration has expedited the Soviet Union’s fall.
This thesis concludes the strategies of Reagan Administration contributed to the fall the Soviet Union. The strategies didn’t initiate the Soviet crisis but successfully worsen and exacerbate it. By targeting the Soviet weakness into its strategic advantage also damaged the Communist, which ends the Cold War and credit to the Reagan Administration.