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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/86839

    Title: 巴拿馬運河歸還與巴美外交關係(1977-2011年)
    Other Titles: The transfer of Panama canal and diplomatic relation between Panama and United States
    Authors: 熊佑容;Hsiung, Yu-Lung
    Contributors: 淡江大學美洲研究所碩士班
    王秀琦;Wang, Hsiu-Chi
    Keywords: 巴拿馬;巴拿馬運河;巴拿馬運河條約;運河回歸;巴美關係;Panama Canal;Panama;Torrijos–Carter Treaties;United States
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2013-04-13 10:20:48 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 巴拿馬的歷史因其運河之戰略價值一直以來和美國牽連不斷,巴拿馬運河主導巴國的命運。自1903年巴拿馬獨立以來,就因其運河和美國維持著特殊的關係。在運河歸還前時期,雙方因各自所追求的利益不同,而衝突不斷,從巴拿馬觀點來看,巴拿馬所追求的國家利益是維護國家領土和主權的完整,因此爭取運河主權成為巴國政府主要目標,而美國所關注的是國家安全利益、經濟利益和軍事利益,巴拿馬運河對美國的經濟、軍事以及整個拉美戰略都具有重要的意義。
    The importance of being at the geographical crossroads of the world has made Panama the Latin American Country most heavily influenced and shaped by the United States over the long time. The Panama Canal focused the economic and strategic interest of the United States more acutely and for much longer than any other place in the Western Hemiphere. For this reason,when Panama proclaimed its independence from Colombia in 1903, it concluded a treaty with the United States for U.S. rights to build, administer, and defend a canal cutting across the country and linking the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.
    Before the Canal turnovered, they were in conflict of interest. The national interests of panama were the interity of Panama Canal, but for United States were the economic and military interests in the Canal.
    Thorugh the negociations over the years, U.S. government consistently affirmed a commitment to follow through with the Panama Canal Treaty and turn the Canal over to Panama at the end of 1999. Since then open a brand new relation between Panama and United States. The current relationship is characterized by extensive counternarcotics cooperation, assistance to help Panama assure the security of the Canal, and a proposed bilateral free trade agreement (FTA). Communications should be improved within the governments between Panama and the United States to launch a mutually beneficial new relationship, and the stakes remain high for both countries.
    Appears in Collections:[美洲研究所] 學位論文

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