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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/86836

    Title: Las energias renovables y el desarrollo de Brasil durante el gobierno de Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva
    Other Titles: 魯拉政府時期再生能源與發展之研究
    The renewable energy and the development of Brazil during the government of Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva
    Authors: 歐李啟明;Lee, Chi-Ming Ou
    Contributors: 淡江大學美洲研究所碩士班
    白方濟;Francisco Luís Pérez Expósito
    Keywords: 巴西;再生能源;生質能源;水力發電;魯拉總統;經濟發展與環境衝突;Brazil;renewable energy;Biofuels;Hydropower;Lula;The conflict between economy and the environment;Brasil;Energia renovable;Biocombustible;Hidroelectricidad;El conflicto durante la economia y el medio ambiente
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2013-04-13 10:20:41 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 在1992年在巴西舉行的地球高峰會議之後,「永續發展」這個名詞經過媒體的報導,已逐漸成為眾人琅琅上口的用語,永續發展也逐漸成為人類共同的願景。但如何能達到永續發展的理想,目前卻仍無定論,不過我們可以看到的是,聯合國推動二十一世紀議程的腳步加快,跨科技的學術性研究團隊也陸續形成,有越來越多的地方政府與社區團體成立相關的永續發展推動委員會,積極地推動永續發展的理念,同時更透過實際的行動方案朝永續發展的理想邁進。


    After 1992 the global summit in Brazil, “sustainable development” was widely reported by the media and became a term can be seen each corner of the world, and it is also turning into a wide-spreading phrase and a goal to pursue in our lives. But how to reach it till now we can’t find a best way to get it, however, we can see now that United Nations (UN) spares no efforts to speed up to reach this dream and there are more and more Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) trying to step in “sustainable development” by more active action.

    Brazil has vast amount of land area and also natural resources. In 1975 break out oil crisis, its oil domestic market had been affected gravely, thus, the government figured out a series of politics to develop ethanol. After more than 30 years, Brazil now reached the standard of carbon emission of Kyoto Protocol and bring structural change of its domestic agriculture, and nowadays Brazil has become a country that every country try to learn from its experience. Besides, Brazil has abundant water resources and its total hydroelectricity take third place in the world. In order to provide more electricity, the government of Brazil approved the scheme of the dam Belo Monte, and this scheme is aim to establish a dam in Xingu river to provide sufficient energy to southern habitants and plants.

    Nevertheless, with “sustainable development” this slogan, the renewable energy in Brazil still harmed the indigenous tribes and the deforestation of Amazon. Aside from it, monoculture could also make serious result to its land. This investigation tries to use three elements: social, economic, environmental to examine if Brazil has reached truly “sustainable development”.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of the Americas] Thesis

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