由於多媒體技術的進步，資料庫不再只有文字性資料。圖形、影像、動畫、聲音的加入更加豐富了資訊的內涵，所以，單提供純文字模式的檢索工具就顯得有些不足，許多資料庫目前已設計友善的圖形化資訊檢索環境，讓使用者以「所見即所得」的方式去直接操控不同功能的「圖形式檢索工具(graphical retrieval tool) J '以搜尋擷取符合其所需求的資料。
本研究旨在探討中文多媒體光碟資料庫的圖形式檢索工具的設計概況與使用情形，此外，更進一步為軟體設計者分析與整合中文多媒體光碟資料庫的圖形式檢索工具的設計原則。研究的文獻部分討論了資訊空間、圖形使用者介面、圖形式檢索工具、資訊探索行為等相關資訊，以暸解圖形式檢索工具的設計;其次，根據設定的軟體選擇標準挑選出「中國詩樂之旅」、「認識中國郵票」、「我的動物王國」等三個個案軟體，分析其中各樣的圖形式檢索工具的設計，並以「訪談法」分別訪問了軟體的設計者與使用者，以實際瞭解圖形式檢索工具的設計過程與使用者的使用情形。研究結果顯示，設計者比較缺乏學理基礎而多以個人的實務經驗設計圖形式檢索工具，而使用者最大的使用問題則是圖誌或圖形物件等象徵物的辨識與操控。 The purpose of this study was to investigate the design and use of graphical retrieval tools of Chinese multimedia database. In addition, the study also sought to identify and intergrate guidelines that software designer could use to design graphical retrieval tools for Chinese multimedia database environments. Major questions investigated in this study were: (l) Which graphical retrieval tools were provided in Chinese multimedia database? (2) How graphical retrieval tools were used in Chinese multimedia database by the users? (3) Which basic graphical retrieval tools should be provided in Chinese multimedia database? and (4) How graphical retrieval tools were designed in Chinese multimedia database by the designers?
First, information relevant to information space, graphical user interface, graphical retrieval tool, and information explorative performance were integrated from an analysis of the literature. Then, according to Chinese multimedia database standard three software were selected and analyzed . Designers and users were interviewed for understanding of the design process and for developing the guidelines of graphical retrieval tools. Users in this study were undergraduate and graduate students from the department of Educational Media & Library Science at Tamkang University.
The results revealed that multimedia database designers seldem applied designing priciples from literature but mostly by personal experiences. Most users had problems in recognizing and manipulating the graphical retrieval tools. In depth analysis of the content and user past retrieval experience were suggested for designing graphical retrieval tools.
第五屆國際電腦輔助教學研討會論文集=Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Computer Assisted I nstruction，頁280-288