|Abstract: ||在全球倡導知識經濟的時代，企業所擁有的知識其重要性已逐漸超越一般有形資產，並且可為企業產生最大的價值。換言之，公司與企業最重要的資產，已經不再是有形的資金、土地、廠房等有形資產，而是知識與智慧財產權等無形資產。根據美國經濟學大師梭羅(Lester C. Thurow 1999)的研究發現，美國企業在 1990年，全球前十大企業中，美國只有兩家，但是到1998年後，美國已經占有九家，即使以前二十五大企業排名，美國也有二十家上榜，高達80％以上的占有率，此一現象，梭羅認為是美國倡導知識經濟，使得美國企業開始高度重視無形資產並積極開發知識商品的緣故。反觀我國的產業結構導向已經從投資導向邁向創新導向，產業的發展也必須朝向以「知識結合技術與創新」作為基礎，才能維繫本身的競爭力。然而，要因應國際產業劇烈的競爭環境與國內產業升級的壓力，加速技術創新與強化產業的競爭力，就必須重視知識型新興產業的發展。在第六次全國科學技術會議的結論中，在與會產官學界的共識下，「生物與生醫技術產業」與「資訊與軟體技術」等領域被強調為我國知識經濟時代之重點發展產業。要發展這些產業，最重要的就是技術進步與創新，使得企業能獲取有效的技術資源，此時相關的知識新興產業的服務就十分重要。綜上所述，促進知識型新興產業發展是十分迫切，而政府如何營造出一個讓知識型新興產業能公平競爭發展的法制環境，以利我國知識經濟產業之發展，正是其關鍵。本研究之目的就正在於透過對國內外發展知識新興產業的現況為例，研究相關的公平競爭規範，希望能對促進我國知識經濟的發展有所貢獻。
In this age and world of knowledge-based economy, the importance of a corporation's "know-how" has exceeded that of its tangible assets, and in turn has become its most prized value. In other words, a corporation's most significant resources are no longer tangible assets such as money capital, real estate, factories. ..etc. Instead, it's the intangible assets such as know-how and intellectual property rights. Celebrated American economist Lest C. Thurow published a study in 1999 which showed that in 1990, among the world's 10 largest corporations, there were only two from the U.S. However, since 1998, there are nine U.S. corporations in the world's top 10. And in the top 25, there are twenty U.S. corporations, or 80% of the list. According to Thurow, this rapid rise to the top is the result of U.S.'s emphasis on knowledge-based economy, where corporations put more value on intangible assets and actively develop knowledge-based products. In examining Taiwan's industrial infrastructure, it is apparent that our infrastructure has changed from an investment-oriented nature to an innovation-oriented one. In light of this change, industrial development must also progress towards "combining knowledge with technology and innovation" as a basis of maintaining market competitiveness. In order to meet the highly competitive international environment and the demands of industrial upgrade, to accelerate technology innovations, and to strengthen industrial competitiveness, it is imperative to promote knowledge-based economy and new knowledge-based industrial. In the 6 th National Science and Technology Conference, consensus was reached among the attending industrial, academic, and legislative representative: "Biological and Bio-technological industries " and " Information & Software Technology" shall be the priority in national industrial development. The key to such development is the continual improvement and innovation in technology, so that corporations may always have the best and most effective technological resources. Once again, for this purpose, the importance of knowledge-based and the service which they provide cannot be undermined. As the above shown, promotion and the development of new knowledge-based industries are of great urgency. What future belies these industries will depend largely on the government's creation of a fair- competition environment and its relevant regulations. Therefore, the objective of this study is to conduct a research on fair trade and competition regulations in present local and international developments of new knowledge-based, in order to learn and ultimately contribute to the development of a successful local knowledge-based economy.