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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/84754


    Title: 輕型航空運動載具機身結構之過墜性模擬分析
    Other Titles: Crashworthiness Simulation Analysis of Light Sport Aircraft Fuselage Structure
    Authors: 陳步偉;張舒涵;謝育揚
    Contributors: 淡江大學航空太空工程學系
    Keywords: 輕型運動類飛機;適墜性;有限元素分析;Light Sport Aircraft;Crashworthiness;Finite Element Analysis
    Date: 2010
    Issue Date: 2013-03-22 19:36:05 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 臺北縣淡水鎮 : 淡江大學航空太空工程學系
    Abstract: 輕型運動類飛機除了可提供個人休閒運動使用之外,並可做為中短距離之交通工具,因此在各國通用
    航空位市場均已快速的成長。美國雖已於2004 年通過相關的法規,但對於輕型航空器的適墜性設計卻
    未有明確的規範。本研究主要使用有限元素法來探討輕型運動類飛機機身結構在墜落時之速度與角度
    對於乘客安全性的影響。本文依據NASA AGATE 、ASTM 與FAR 所定義之掉落速度為參數,以
    MIL-STD-1290A 為安全邊界條件。本研究結果顯示,若飛機在不同速度撞擊地面時,以角度30° 可能
    產生最大座艙壓縮量。當掉落角度增加時,由於機身前端的引擎固定架與防火牆的結構設計,所以可
    承受之垂直掉落速度越大。當機身衝擊角度為80°-90°時,機身結構可吸收衝擊速度之上限約為33
    m/s。本文也完成了模擬該類型飛機在不同垂直掉落速度與不同衝擊角度下之安全與可存活的範圍。
    In recent years, light sport aircraft which served not only for the purpose of personal recreation but also
    means of transportation vehicle for medium and short distance travel has made a rapid growth in the general
    aviation industry worldwide. FAA has established the regulations for this new category airplane in 2004.
    However, the crashworthiness requirements for this type of airplane have not been clearly specified. This
    study used finite element method to investigate the effect of impact angle and speed of the light sport aircraft
    (LSA) fuselage structure on passenger safety during a crash event. This work used sink speed defined by
    NASA AGATE, ASTM and FAR as parameters. The passenger compartment reducing rate defined by
    MIL-STD-1290A is used for a safety boundary condition. The results show the maximum cockpit reducing
    rate of the airplane impact angle is 30°. When the impact angle increases, owe to the engine mount and fire
    wall's reinforced structure, it can sustain the greater vertical drop speed. When the impact angle is about
    80°~90°, the maximum impact speed the fuselage can sustain is 33 mls. This work also completed the
    simulation of the safe and unsafe range for light sport aircraft at various impact angle and vertical drop speed
    during impact.
    Relation: 第七屆海峽兩岸航空太空學術研討會論文集,頁313-319
    Appears in Collections:[航空太空工程學系暨研究所] 會議論文

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