English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  全文筆數/總筆數 : 51296/86402 (59%)
造訪人次 : 8162932      線上人數 : 83
RC Version 7.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library & TKU Library IR team.
搜尋範圍 查詢小技巧:
  • 您可在西文檢索詞彙前後加上"雙引號",以獲取較精準的檢索結果
  • 若欲以作者姓名搜尋,建議至進階搜尋限定作者欄位,可獲得較完整資料
  • 進階搜尋
    請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/80339


    題名: 臺灣各縣市道路安全績效之比較研究
    其他題名: A Study on Comparisons of Road Safety Performances among Counties and Cities in Taiwan
    作者: 張勝雄;卓欣慧;張開國
    貢獻者: 淡江大學運輸管理學系
    關鍵詞: 道路安全;績效指標;主成份分析法;Road Stfety;Performance Index;Principal Component Analysis
    日期: 2013-06
    上傳時間: 2013-01-22 19:40:50 (UTC+8)
    出版者: 台北市:中華民國運輸學會
    摘要: 道路交通事故死傷將導致嚴重的社會成本,政府之道路安全改善計畫應與交通事故死傷有直接關聯,並藉由適當的道路安全績效指標衡量道路交通系統之整體安全度,以此評估改善經費的效益。本研究根據警政署交通事故資料庫分析我國主要道路交通安全問題,建構道路安全績效指標之衡量架構,包括死傷指標、重點行為指標及政策執行指標,並以主成份分析法賦予指標權重,合併相關變數;以主成分得分計算縣市道路安全績效。結果顯示不同的比較基礎所得之縣市道安績效排序亦不相同,分類排序比較可令縣市政府更清楚了解個別問題所在,主管機關更可藉此調整道安改善經費的配置,提高經費的運用效率。整體而言,以臺北市、臺北縣、臺南市之績效較佳,而臺東縣、台南縣、臺中縣之績效較差。各縣市之道安績效表現似略有城鄉差異。
    Road traffic accidents induce serious social costs. Traffic safety improvement plans proposed and carried out by the government should be guided by analysis of accident casualty statistics. In addition, we need to measure and reflect the integral levels for overall traffic systems using proper road safety performance indicators. Road safety performance indices can be employed to measure the benefits of safety improvement expenditures. This study identifies the main road safety issues in Taiwan determined by analyzing the road crash database built by the National Police Agency. This study then constructs a measurement framework for road safety performance indicators, including mortality/injury indicators, key behavioral indicators and policy indicators. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is used to combine correlated variables and to obtain the weights for the variables. The principal component scores are used to measure the road safety performances of counties and cities. The results show that the performance ranking of each type of road safety performance indicator varies with different comparison bases. Counties and cities can identify their specific traffic safety problems according to the different comparison results of different road safety performance indicators, and allocate funds to the proper road safety improvement projects to increase the application efficiency of their expenditures. Overall, the traffic safety performances of Taipei City, New Taipei City and Tainan City were better; and the traffic safety performances of Taitung County, Tainan County, and Taichung County were relatively worse. In addition, there were differences in the road safety performances between counties and cities located in urban or rural areas.
    關聯: 運輸學刊=Journal of the Chinese Institute of Transportation 25(2),頁1-23
    顯示於類別:[運輸管理學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

    文件中的檔案:

    檔案 描述 大小格式瀏覽次數
    index.html0KbHTML159檢視/開啟
    道路安全績效之比較研究102_01_05.pdf臺灣各縣市道路安全績效之比較研究544KbAdobe PDF1461檢視/開啟

    在機構典藏中所有的資料項目都受到原著作權保護.

    TAIR相關文章

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library & TKU Library IR teams. Copyright ©   - 回饋