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    題名: Nonlinear influence on R&D project performance
    作者: Chen, Yu-Shan;Chang, Ke-Chiun;Chang, Ching-Hsun
    貢獻者: 淡江大學企業管理學系
    關鍵詞: Nonlinear nature of management;Project performance;Quality of project environment;Project managers' skills;Effectiveness of teamwork
    日期: 2012-10
    上傳時間: 2013-01-20 22:59:35 (UTC+8)
    出版者: New York: Elsevier Inc.
    摘要: This study applies artificial neural network (ANN) to explore the relationships between the performance of R&D projects and its determinants. The results indicate that the quality of project environment has an inverse U-shaped effect on the performance of R&D projects, and both project managers' skills and the effectiveness of teamwork have monotonic positive influences on it. Besides, this study utilizes self-organizing map (SOM) to classify the Taiwanese information and electronics companies into three groups and further provides some suggestions. In addition, this paper uses an in-depth interview of qualitative research to explore why the quality of project environment has an inverse U-shaped effect on the R&D project performance, and finds out the main reason. There are two managerial implications in this study. First, the relationships between the performance of R&D projects and its determinants are not always linear in the complex and uncertain environment nowadays. Second, companies must care about the inverse U-shaped effect of the quality of project environment on the performance of R&D projects, although they can enhance the extent of project managers' skills and the effectiveness of their teamwork as much as possible.
    關聯: Technological Forecasting and Social Change 79(8), pp.1537-1547
    DOI: 10.1016/j.techfore.2012.04.007
    顯示於類別:[企業管理學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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