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    Title: Numerical comparison of the closing dynamics of a new trileaflet and a bileaflet mechanical aortic heart valve
    Authors: Li, Chi-Pei;Lu, Po-Chien
    Contributors: 淡江大學水資源及環境工程學系
    Keywords: Cardiac Surgery;Mechanical heart valve;Valve closing dynamics;Fluid–structure interaction
    Date: 2012-12
    Issue Date: 2013-01-17 14:13:23 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: Tokyo: Springer Japan KK
    Abstract: The closing velocity of the leaflets of mechanical heart valves is excessively rapid and can cause the cavitation phenomenon. Cavitation bubbles collapse and produce high pressure which then damages red blood cells and platelets. The closure mechanism of the trileaflet valve uses the vortices in the aortic sinus to help close the leaflets, which differs from that of the monoleaflet or bileaflet mechanical heart valves which mainly depends on the reverse flow. We used the commercial software program Fluent to run numerical simulations of the St. Jude Medical bileaflet valve and a new trileaflet mechanical heart valve. The results of these numerical simulations were validated with flow field experiments. The closing velocity of the trileaflet valve was clearly slower than that of the St. Jude Medical bileaflet valve, which would effectively reduce the occurrence of cavitation. The findings of this study are expected to advance the development of the trileaflet valve.
    Relation: Journal of Artificial Organs 15(4), pp.364–374
    DOI: 10.1007/s10047-012-0650-8
    Appears in Collections:[水資源及環境工程學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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