Journal of Applied Finance and Banking Herts: Scienpress Ltd
This paper models loan rate-setting behavior, taking into account the product pricing and performance of the borrowing firm, and also calculates the bank’s loan-risk sensitive equity values. The lending function creates the need to model bank equity as a capped call option, which captures the credit risk directly related to management of a firm’s operations. When the product price set by the borrowing firm is relatively high and the loan rate set by the bank is relatively low, a rise in the product price increases the loan amount at a reduced margin. A capped call as such makes the bank less prudent and more prone to risk-taking, thereby adversely affecting the stability of the banking system. We also show that the market-based estimates of bank equity, which ignore the cap, lead to significant overestimation.
Journal of Applied Finance & Banking 2(4), pp.69-84