Coverage is an important issue that has been widely discussed in wireless sensor networks (WSNs). However, it is still a big challenge to achieve both the purposes of full coverage and energy balancing. This paper considers the area coverage problem for a WSN where each sensor has variable sensing radius. A Weighted Voronoi Diagram (WVD) is proposed as a tool for determining the responsible sensing region of each sensor node according to the remaining energy in a distributed manner. To maximize the network lifetime, techniques for balancing energy consumptions of sensors are further presented. Performance evaluation reveals that the proposed joint energy-balanced and full-coverage mechanism, called EBFC, outperforms the existing studies in terms of network lifetime and degree of energy balancing.
Ubiquitous and Future Networks (ICUFN), 2012 Fourth International Conference on, pp.34-39