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    题名: 目賭婚姻暴力之子女其目睹經驗、社會訊息處理與成年期親密關係之探究
    其它题名: The study of experiences,social information processing and intimate relationships for adults who witnessed domestic abuse as children
    作者: 譚慧蘭;Tan, Hui-Lan
    贡献者: 淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班
    柯志恩
    关键词: 目睹婚暴子女;親密關係;社會訊息處理;共識質化研究;Child witness;intimate relationships;social information processing;Consensual Qualitative Research
    日期: 2012
    摘要: 論文提要內容:
    鑑於目睹婚姻暴力對目睹子女之傷害性,目睹子女之發展本為實務工作者及相關領域之研究者所重視之議題,而成年期發展親密關係,更為主要的發展任務,因此本研究旨在探討目睹婚暴之子女對其親密關係可能之影響,並為了探究目睹子女面對情境時內在主要的處理歷程,融入社會訊息處理模式做為探究目睹婚暴經驗及目睹子女其親密關係互動之元素。於研究方法上採取共識質化研究以避免在預設研究目的下的窄化或主觀性,並採半結構式的訪談大綱對目睹子女深度訪談,事後與共識研究小組研討出核心概念與共識結果,最後經由研究者統整出目睹子女於婚暴中的經驗、目睹子女婚暴經驗中的社會訊息處理模式、目睹子女之親密關係現況及目睹子女於親密關係中之社會訊息處理、目睹子女其目睹經驗與親密關係之連結及根據如上整理撰寫目睹子女之愛情故事敘說。上述研究結果如下:

    一、目睹婚暴經驗反應於目睹子女的人際羞愧、自我控制及與父母親之關係。
    二、目睹經驗中之社會訊息處理模式階段的遺漏形成固著的家庭互動規則。
    三、目睹子女之親密關係在渴望親密與感受疏離中尋求平衡,採取之方法為務實經營與給予承諾。
    四、目睹子女於親密關係中之社會訊息處理模式「產生之回應」、「對回應的評估」,基準為目睹經驗之社會訊息處理模式中設定的規則。
    五、對婚暴原因的解讀,影響目睹子女對親密關係的期待;面對婚暴當下習得的反應,影響親密關係中對衝突的歸因與處理。
    六、目睹子女欲建立完整之親密關係須仰賴伴侶的矯正並於親密關係中再學習。

    最後研究者依據研究結果提出數項建議,以提供實務工作者及未來研究兩方面
    之參考。
    Abstract:
    In light of the harmful effects of witnessing domestic abuse as children, the developmental issues faced by child witnesses into adulthood has been central to practitioners and researchers in related fields. In particular, establishing and maintaining intimate relationships has been the primary concern in the child witnesses'' development. This study aims to explore potential impacts of witnessing domestic abuse on the child witness as adults in intimate relationships. Furthermore, in order to explore child witnesses'' primary internal processes when facing domestic abuse, Social Information Processing (SIP) models has been incorporated as a research element in examining the relationship between the experience of witnessing and the child witnesses'' intimacy as adults.

    In order to avoid the narrow and subjective nature under the presupposed research purposes, the present study employed consensual qualitative research method. In-depth and semi-structured interviews were conducted with adults who witnessed domestic abuse as children, and were supplemented with further discussions on core concepts and consensus by the consensus research tem, this study concludes by synthesizing child witnesses'' experiences of domestic violence and the acquired Social Information Processing models through witnessing


    Child witnesses'' current intimate relationships and their social information processing in these relationships, as well as the connections made between what was witnessed and their own relationship were organized and synthesized, based on above-mentioned research methods, into a narrative of child witnesses'' love stories.
    The research results are presented as follows:

    I. The ways in which the experience of witnessing is reflected in child witnesses'' shame in interpersonal negotiations, self-control, and relationships with parents.

    II. The missing pieces in social information processing development stages, caused by the witnessing experience, and the resulting rigid familial interaction rules.

    III. Child witnesses seek balance between intimacy and sensing alienation in their intimate relationships, by steadfast, careful management techniques and commitments.

    IV. Response generation and response evaluation stages in social information processing among adults who witnessed domestic abuse as children, basing on social information processing rules established through the experience of witnessing.

    V. The ways in which adult witnesses’ expectations for intimate relationships are influenced by their interpretations of the causes of domestic abuse. As well, the ways in which conflict attribution and management are impacted by responses at the moment of facing domestic abuse.

    VI. Child witness''s wish to establish wholesome intimate relationships must necessarily rely on their partner''s correction and re-learn in present intimate relationships.

    Lastly, based on the research findings, the researcher discusses several recommendations for reference both in practice and in future research.
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