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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/77544

    Title: 歐洲空中巴士公司面對全球化的競爭與挑戰 : 以2004年大型民用航空器爭端為例
    Other Titles: How airbus respond to challenges and competitions of globalization : a case study of 2004 LCA dispute
    Authors: 吳蕙君;Wu, Hui-Chun
    Contributors: 淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班
    郭秋慶;Kuo, Chiu-ching
    Keywords: 空中巴士;歐洲聯盟;大型民用航空器;啟動援助;全球化;Airbus;European Union;Globalization;Launch Aids;Large Civil Aircraft
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2012-06-21 06:57:10 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 全球化(Globalization)和航空器之間的關係密不可分,彼此相互推動影響,促使著更緊密的全球互動。而航空器產業本身又關係著國家軍事實力、經濟發展及高科技和教育等許多面向,一但成功發展將可帶動國家政治、經濟環境。歐洲國家面對戰後衰退的政治、經濟實力,思考著該如何重返國際社會並重振國家經濟,而藉由研發航空器所帶動的經濟發展和提升的國防實力、高科技研發技術和人才等,更提高了許多國家投入研發的動機。面對美國所壟斷的航空產業,歐洲四國,法國、德國、西班牙及英國,決定共同合作研發「空中巴士」,並企圖打破美國所壟斷的航空器市場局面。

    The interaction between globalization and aircraft manufacturing industry is tightly intertwined, and they both serve as an impulse to the evolution of globalization. Aircraft industry not only is a high value added industry itself, but also closely linked to a country’s military power. The European countries were devastated after WWII, and seeking for a way to revive economic and re-establish its status in the international society. Developing aircraft manufacturing industry just seemed to be the perfect solution.
    Facing the aircraft market that was monopolized by American counterparts, France, Germany, Spain and British decided to cooperate with each other to build Airbus and end the monopoly market. To achieve this goal, European countries provided so called “Launch Aids” to support Airbus, so that it can compete with Boeing successfully. However, as the competition between Airbus and Boeing became much more aggressive, the conflicts eventually led to the 2004 LCA subsidy dispute in World Trade Organization. Lost its financial support, at the same time challenged by the fast changing globalized market, Airbus has no choice but to adapt itself to a more effective enterprise management so as to reach its ultimate goal: less cost, more profit.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of European Studies] Thesis

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