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|Title: ||德國毒品防治之研究 : 從全球治理角度論析|
|Other Titles: ||The study of illicit drugs prevention in Germany : from perspective of global governance|
|Authors: ||梁詠翔;Liang, Yung-Shiang|
|Keywords: ||毒品防治;全球化;歐盟;聯合國;非政府組織;Illicit Drugs Prevention;Globalization;EU;UN;Non-government Organization|
|Issue Date: ||2012-06-21 06:57:08 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: || 全球化的腳步帶動了國際之間國家的互動速度，因此衍生出的問題也漸漸浮出檯面。傳統上德國處理毒品問題主要只需要著重在對於吸食者與販賣者之刑罰，然而這只是治標不治本。而在歐盟不斷的緊密合作與擴大之下，跨國性的毒品相關犯罪則是日益嚴重，也超過了一國內政所能夠應付的規模。而歐盟會員國單一市場四大流通之下，若是沒有相關的毒品問題因應措施，則德國內部會形同門戶洞開，嚴重受到毒品的侵害。國際上已開發國家儼然形成了毒品消費的市場，特別是美國與歐洲地區。|
Globalization has acted as a impulse to encourage international interaction between countries and areas, but it also causes some international problems which cannot be solved by any single country, one of them is illicit drugs. Germany traditionally deals with illicit drug problems through penalties for drug abusers and traffickers; however this is only a temporary solution and can not totally combat illicit drug crimes. With the European Union’s fifth enlargement and the 4 free movements in single market, the illicit drug crime has became a cross-border issue, especially in Europe and the United States.
Under the globalization background, Germany starts to reinvestigate the drug problems through traditional drug policy perspective and concludes the drug problems into two categories. First is to aim at the source of the drug and starts to tackle on the regions where drugs are produced as the main prevention focus. Second, via legal sanction, Germany stops any types of illicit drug being transported to Germany directly and deals with drug addiction with treatment and counseling, and defines it as a disease, rather than a crime.
At the EU regional level, 27 Member States also set up a judicial cooperation mechanisms of drug problem as internal affairs, and legal regulations as well. At the international level, Germany and EU are both important participators of the international drug cooperation, and implement drug-related Convention regulated by the United Nations and other international anti-drug Regimes. States of Germany (Land) play its role as front line of the internal drug prevention. There are also many drug-related NGOs in Germany, EU and in the World, which play a media role in drug prevention.
|Appears in Collections:||[歐洲研究所] 學位論文|
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