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|Title: ||英國創意產業競爭力之研究 : 以電影產業為例|
|Other Titles: ||A study of competitiveness of creative industries in UK : the case of film industry|
|Authors: ||楊凱琳;Yang, Kai-Lin|
|Keywords: ||英國;創意產業;電影產業;競爭力;UK;Creative industries;Film Industry;Competitiveness|
|Issue Date: ||2012-06-21 06:57:05 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: ||英國自1997 年開始推動「創意產業」，由於布萊爾執政後的新政府，重視創意產業所帶來的效益，便整合相關部門，確立文化媒體體育部，積極推動產業發展。與此同時，將創意產業定義為「起源於個人的創造力、技能和才華，透過產生與開發為智慧財產權後，具有開創財富和就業機會的潛力」。創意產業是以創意作為核心發展出的文化相關產業，進而對國家經濟帶來貢獻，英國創意產業的成功經驗，刺激其他國家對創意產業的重視，也使知識與勞力密集的文化創意產業，成為21 世紀最具潛力的產業之一。|
The concept of ‘creative industries’ was first taken up by the British government under the premiership of Tony Blair in 1997. After the Blair government was formed, the Department for Culture,Media and Sport (DCMS) is responsible for creative industries. The DCMS defines the creative industries as, “those industries which have their origin in individual creativity, skill and talent and which have a potential for wealth and job creation through the generation and exploitation of intellectual property”. The creative industries are referred to culture-based creativity, in which do not only emphasize the ''creative'' artistic component but also the impact to the national economy. Due to the industries has become a particular strength of the British economy, the concept has also been widely adopted by other countries. As a result, knowledge-based and labor-intensive cultural and creative industries become one
of the most potential industries in the 21st Centuries.
This paper is based on Michael Porter''s diamond model to analyze the demand conditions, factor endowment, related and supporting industries, and strategy, structure and rivalry, and the role of government of British film industry in the history frame.
The key success factors of British creative industries focus on the collaboration for industries, academia and government agencies. The British film industry has experienced periods of boom and bust. Despite the industry has been profoundly influenced by the American film industry, British film industry has an outstanding performance and a strong international reputation. Since the interaction of industries and academia, and government agencies work out to create an environment for film support, the film industries make an important contribution to the British economy.
|Appears in Collections:||[Graduate Institute of European Studies] Thesis|
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