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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/77536

    Title: 歐洲經濟移民政策之協調 : 以高技術移民為例
    Other Titles: Harmonize economic immigration policy in EU : highly skilled immigrant workers as example
    Authors: 王梓名;Wang, Tzu-Ming
    Contributors: 淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班
    曾秀珍;Tzeng, Jenny H.C.
    Keywords: 共同移民政策;合法移民;高技術移民勞工;歐盟藍卡;Common Immigration Policy;Legal Migration;Highly Skilled Immigrant Workers;EU Blue Card
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2012-06-21 06:56:39 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 近年歐盟各會員國因人口結構改變,造成勞力短缺、高技術勞工短缺的情況。加上「知識經濟」發展趨勢,使歐盟與會員國不得不重視高技術勞工短缺的問題。過去部分會員國都曾引進外籍勞工解決戰後勞力短缺,但石油危機後對外籍勞工皆採取限制性的政策,相關移民政策的發展也趨於停滯。
    In recent years, due to population structural changes in European Union (EU), there has been labour shortage and also shortage of highly skilled workers. Additionally, development of “knowledge-based economy” has also forced EU and member states to face its labour shortage of highly skilled workers. Due Oil Crisis and restricted immigration regulation in past years, immigrants from non-EU members are relatively lower percentage of highly skilled workers. Until recent years, Germany has carried reformation on its immigration policy and created attraction to highly skilled workers to Germany. Germany’s pathway is from conservatism to liberalization also similar to EU’s development of immigration affairs. After Treaty of Amsterdam, Treaty of Lisbon, EU already acquires jurisdiction to development "common immigration policy", moreover, regarding "legal migration" are clearly defined in section 79 of the Treaty on Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). In order to attract more highly skilled workers and developing common immigration policy, EU passed "EU Blue Card" in 2009, Member States shall transpose its provision into national law by June, 2011. It symbolized EU''s ambition to attract highly skilled workers and also the first step to build common immigration policy in EU.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of European Studies] Thesis

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