Mexico has suffered from serious drug problem for a long time, and its neighboring country, the United States, alike. The drug problem not only corrupts domestic public security and threatens people’s living and safety, but also becomes an international thorny issue. Furthermore, the drug problem degrades Mexico’s international status and undermines its international economic competitiveness. Therefore, it cannot underestimate the problems that drugs have caused to all levels.
President Calderon launched large-scale drug raids right after his inauguration in December 2006, and aimed to fight against violence and drug trafficking organization as his principal policy objectives. However, such enormous action then resulted in severer consequences. The rate of death population has sharply increased from late 2006 on due to the drug dealers’ cruel slaughtering to innocent people, policemen, and officials. Afterward, Mexican people held peaceful demonstrations named “Let’s illuminate Mexico” to arouse more attention to the drug problem.
Mexican drug cartels rise in the 1960s. They began to smuggle drugs to the United States owing to the considerable demands of U.S. American society. There are three background factors (historical, social and geographical) that nourish drug trafficking organizations. Today, Mexican drug cartels are powerful enough to antagonize with government and troops, which has become the crucial problems both Mexican and the U.S. government most eagerly to solve. With the aids of farmers and corrupted policemen officials, Mexican drug cartels become more indestructible.
Since the 1970s, Mexico and the U.S. governments began to use an anti-drug policy named “zero tolerance policy.” They have made great investment on blocking the source of drug to eliminate the social problems that caused by drugs. They mainly investigate the circulation of drugs. Drug manufacturing, drug trafficking, and drug dealing are regarded as criminal. However, the drug problems cannot be well-controlled both in drug-overwhelmed U.S.A. and Mexico. Social problems increase apparently, and they do threaten national safety and people’s living.
Research on Mexican drug cartels is the core of this thesis, and focuses on “the main factors of drug trafficking originations’ rising”, “power expansion and criminal action”, “the accomplices of drug cartels”, “the social problems caused by drug cartels and drugs”. And eventually, analyzes on the fundamental reasons that Mexican and U.S. American government’s ineffectiveness on striking drugs problems.