In the second Gulf War, coalition force from the United States and the Britain implemented the plan of joint operation command and control in theater to win the decisive victory in a short time by integrating the tri-services firepower efficiently and conducting precise attack. After the first Gulf war, the world military commentators anticipated that the high technology weapon and new strategic, tactical, technical method would be applied into future operations. The future operations will be a varied and combined operations involved with space, air, ground, sea, information, and electronics. Simultaneously, the future aerospace force is realized not only by the power of air but by the power of space-seizing in further. In other words, that is to develop the aerospace force to seize victory in the aerospace operations by the capacity of aerospace.
PRC has developed the manned space aviation plan, named seven-one-four project since 1960. The project was stopped in 1975 because of the recession of economy, the inabilities of technology and science at that time, plus, the influence of the cultural revolution. The resource of the project was changed to invest in developing all kinds of satellite applications. On March, 1986, several veterans of science suggested that China follow the standard of the world and develop national high technology. The government authorized the eight-six-three program to develop seven high technologies, including the aerospace technology, which was named the night-two-one project. The manned space ship of night-two-one project was kicked off in1992 and established three phrases for manned aerospace project. First phase is to carry off the action for the astronauts to walk out of the space ship ; the second phase is to develop the docking technique of space aviation modular; the third phase is to build up a space laboratory. The three phases are critical index and aim of PRC to establish gradually the aerospace power.
Tiangong 1 launched on Sep.29, 2011 and the space ship, Shenzhou 8,launched on Nov. 1,2011 successfully docked with each other on Nov. 3, 2011. This was the first time that PRC conducted the experiment successfully on the connection of space aviation objects. According to the three phases of night-two-one (manned space ship) project, PRC has accomplished the first two phases. The third phase is to establish a small space station. The next phase for PRC manned space project is to carry out the techniques on space rendezvous, orbital docking and undocking. The technique will soon be conducted by Shenzhou 9 or 10, and Tiangon1