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    Title: 我國加入聯合國專門機構策略之研究 : 以WHO為例
    Other Titles: A study on the strategy of the Republic of China's participation in the specialized agencies of the United Nations : the case of WHO
    Authors: 王珺;Wang, Chun
    Contributors: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士班
    李大中;Li, Da-Jung
    Keywords: 世界衛生組織;聯合國專門機構;活路外交;兩岸關係;WHO;UN Specialized Agencies;Flexible Diplomacy;Cross-strait Relations
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2012-06-21 06:55:13 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 全球化的今日,在金融、衛生等跨國界議題的衍生與國際合作趨勢的推動之下,國際組織的功能與角色在現今的國際體系中至關重要。但中華民國於2758號決議案被迫退出聯合國後,因主權爭議的政治性因素難以參與政府間的國際組織,導致我國國際生存空間遭受嚴重的擠壓。

    早期李登輝、陳水扁政府執政時期,致力於重返聯合國之推案,但因中共的阻撓皆不得其門而入,直至2008年馬英九政府上任後,採取「活路外交」及「外交休兵」政策,避免與中共正面衝突,將拓展國際空間的目標轉為參與較不具政治敏感性的「聯合國專門機構」,終能獲邀以觀察員身分於2009年5月參與世界衛生大會,這是自我國1997年首度推動加入世界衛生組織以來的一大突破。

    故此,本論文透過探討自2000年至2010年為止,李登輝、陳水扁、馬英九三任政府主政期間,參與聯合國及聯合國專門機構的歷年推案與外交決策,尤以分析我國加入「世界衛生組織」的策略演變為主,研究如何擺脫外交困境,成功拓展我國的國際空間,且試圖尋找出未來加入聯合國專門機構的可行方向與最佳途徑。

    根據研究結果顯示,我國參與「聯合國專門機構」的成效,主要係受到「外交政策制定」、「國際支持」與「兩岸關係」三項因素之交互影響,又以「兩岸關係」的改善,為其中關鍵因素。

    最後,本論文探討我國未來參與「聯合國專門機構」的挑戰與展望,並提出相關建議,期待能夠為後續研究者提供一個參考的方向
    When the PRC gained diplomatic recognition by U.N. General Assembly Resolution 2758, the representatives of the ROC were no longer able to attend meetings of United Nations and its specialized agencies. Because of the complex political factors, Taiwan has been excluded from many international organizations, the question of Taiwan’s “international space” become a thorny issue.

    Since 1996 Taiwan’s attempt to participate in the United Nations and World Health Organization has been unsuccessful because of Beijing’s obstruction. Until the Ma administration took office in May 2008, on account of the “diplomatic truce” and the” flexible diplomacy” policies, Cross-strait relations have eased considerably.

    The purpose of this thesis is to discuss Taiwan''s Participation in the World Health Organization, and analysis of factors in Taiwan’s partaking in the World Health Organization. This thesis attempt to find the best method to expand "international spaces" of Taiwan

    After the study, we can find the results which affect Taiwan’s participation in the specialized agencies are these following factors, “Cross-strait relations”, “International supports” and “foreign policy making”. And “Cross-strait relations” eased is the key factor.
    Appears in Collections:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文

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