東協區域組織的成立，在未來的發展上雖仍面臨內、外環境的挑戰，惟這些挑戰因素將可能會因經濟合作議題的發酵而暫時擱置南海主權爭議，或藉由制度化的規範形成制約力量。對於整個亞太地區的經濟體系與區域安全而言都將產生重大的影響，其中包括經濟資源、亞太軍事力量的重新分配。最後從建構主義集體身份論檢證東協國家在安全合作方面將會朝向集體安全形式發展，多方合作將在這個領域更加密合，在亞太區域發展上形成一個強大的經濟體系。 The States of ASEAN maintain regional peace between the States through political and security cooperation. After the collapse of former Soviet Union in 1991, the traditionally stable bipolar mechanism suddenly lost balance, leaving the Asian-Pacific Region to temporarily face with power vacuum. The South China Sea area is the single area in Asian-Pacific Region with the highest security controversy; whereas the sovereignty, areas of controversy, development of marine resources, and maintenance of maritime routes, all involve the interests of many countries. After years of political dialogue and confidence building, there have not been any breakout of armed conflicts due to tensions between the ASEAN State members and the members understand the interdependent geographic location and common vision are the basic conditions for maintaining security for the area.
The sovereignty disputes over Nansha Islands are gradually moving towards internationalization and hence solving the Nansha disputes through bilateral negotiation and consultation becomes increasingly difficult. The development of security in the South China Sea area has long been the foundation of economic development for a number of countries while the formation and influence factors of the “Collective Identity” of ASEAN States comprise four major variables: 1. Interdependency: The first benefit received after the formation of the ASEAN Regional Organization is the economic development interest while the completion of economic integration will trigger a more significant magnetic effect to surrounding countries. 2. Common Destiny: The Sea Lines of Communication affect the economic lifeline of mainland China, Japan and Korea, where the petroleum delivered from Middle East to East Asia must take passage of this channel. Any crisis will affect the overall development of ASEAN States. 3. Homogeneity: Political security is the economic foundation and the support of a stable
Political environment is required for ensuring economic development. The establishment of ASEAN will have political influence over the political development in the entire Asian-Pacific Area. 4. Self-restraints: For specific ASEAN States with issues on South China Sea, shelving sovereignty disputes and seeking joint collaboration in development could reduce possibilities of conflict incidents.
Although the establishment of ASEAN Regional Organization still face internal and external challenges from the environment in future development, these challenge factors will be temporarily shelved with sovereignty disputes over the South China Sea for form restraining power through systematic regulations due to the ferment of economic cooperation. Such organization will lead to major impact on the economic system and regional security in the entire Asian-Pacific area, including the reallocation of economic resources and Asian-Pacific military forces. Finally, the ASEAN States analyzed through the collective identify of constructivism will move towards a collective security development in terms of security cooperation while multi-cooperation will bring this field close and form a strong economic system in the development of Asian-Pacific area.