By way of historical research in this paper, the use of things, the continuation of the process of change through time, to collect information relevant to the subject with the research to understand the different stages of development of Chinese domestic and international environment, the policy appears to identify the reasons for students. Therefore, there are three main research purposes:
First, study in China since reform and opening up since 1978, foreign students the development of policy evolution.
Second, the study since reform and opening up to now, political, diplomatic, economic, educational and cultural changes, for study abroad. Whether students have an impact on students and encourage students what factor is the emergence of a major force in the policy.
Third, the analysis of the past decade, the characteristics of foreign students.
Analysis by the researchers found that, since 1978 to 2011, a total of 20 Chinese mainland students on foreign policy issued, and in 2010, "Study in China Program," the emergence of foreign students education was elevated to the national strategy and development level, also shows that mainland China''s ambition and confidence.
With economic globalization, driven by economic and cultural factors have been above the top of the political power, a substantial increase in students at their own expense. The rise of China, learn Chinese form a wave of the 21st century, China is the Chinese international promotion as a national strategy to be implemented, beginning in the construction of a large number of Confucius Institutes overseas for foreign students to study in China provides The new propulsion, but also indirectly contributed to the emergence of foreign students policy.
2001 to 2011 the number of people studying in China increased rapidly every year, the largest source country of foreign students into neighboring Asian countries such as South Korea, Japan, Indonesia, and increasingly by the rise of trade between China and ASEAN, Southeast Asia, students more and more. However, in 2001 and 2011, the proportion of Asia has continued to decline, other African countries show an annual increase rate of students is also growing, which is the largest American students, while Obama announced the launch of one hundred thousand people to China''s plan, the researchers believe that the proportion of Asia will continue to slowly decline. In this decade, China''s non-degree students to come is still greatly exceeded the academic students, but both have one thing in common is that, whether it is a non-degree students educated survivors, came to China, is still a cultural exchange and language-based learning.