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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/77501

    Title: 論臺灣意識的發展對中共對臺政策之影響 : 以胡錦濤主政時期為例
    Other Titles: The influence of the development of Taiwanese consciousness on PRC's Taiwan policies : the example of Hu Jin-Tao's ruling authority
    Authors: 劉致君;Liu, Chih-Chun
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士班
    張五岳;Chang, Wu-Ueh
    Keywords: 意識;台灣意識;對台政策;國台辦;Consciousness;Taiwanese consciousness;Taiwan policy;Taiwan Affairs Office
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2012-06-21 06:51:27 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 在臺灣的政治發展的過程中,「統獨爭議」總是成為臺灣政治、社會所激烈爭論的話題。而這些問題之所以發生,乃肇因於「臺灣意識」當中的核心問題-「認同問題」所發生的矛盾與緊張關係而導致。
    胡錦濤在其主政時期修正了以往領導人的強硬作為,而改採軟性的訴求與強調合作,並針對各小眾市場或團體進行對台工作,以「政府為輔,人民為主」的方式,欲求達到「入島、入戶、入民心」的效果,盡最大努力爭取台灣民眾的認同,因此發展出「透過經貿互動,爭取台灣民心」的對台工作方針,並出台一系列的「惠台政策」。值得關注的是,這些惠台政策還針對了許多以往在台灣的政治光譜與認同上被普遍認為是泛綠的地區,透過經貿上的採購來爭取亦或吸納這些向來不認同大陸的地方百姓。而上述的這些「惠台作為」也將在2012 的總統大選中驗收其對台工作的成效。
    Throughout the political development of Taiwan, the controversy of the status of Taiwan has always been a hot issue among the political and social parties: whether Taiwan remains as an independent territory as Republic of China (ROC), or should be governed by the People’s Republic of China (PRC). The root of these problems is basically due to the core value of "Taiwan consciousness" – the identity crisis in Taiwanese, which leads to various contradictions and tensions.
    With the historical evolvement and the growth of collective consciousness in Taiwan, the level of national identity in Taiwanese evolves gradually. It does not only affect the policy-making and practices of Taiwan towards the mainland China; it also affects the strategic thinking and decision-making of the Communists Party of China (CPC) towards Taiwan, affecting both parties in either direction.
    Ever since the commencement of the CPC’s governance, the political strategy towards Taiwan has been an important issue of the CPC. As the dependence of Taiwan on the PRC grows, there has been progress in the cross-strait relations in the past four years. The policy of the CPC towards Taiwan has been having significance in Taiwan''s internal political and economic development. It is hence worth to study the correlation between the development of Taiwanese consciousness and the formulation of policy toward Taiwan and how they influence each other. Based on this noteworthy issue, this thesis will analyze the changes and influence of Taiwanese consciousness and her historical development over the policy-making of the CPC towards Taiwan.
    The study has found that the location of Taiwan being at the border of China and its development over 400 years tremendously cultivate Taiwanese local sense of belonging. Yet, the Taiwanese local sense of belonging and self-identity are not equivalent to the independence of Taiwan or unification with China, but it only signifies the influence of Taiwanese consciousness over the cultivation and evolution political values of citizens. From lessons and setbacks from previous cross-strait interaction, the CPC found the key to the problem of Taiwan is winning the hearts of the Taiwanese. Hu Jintao is the one who truly implemented this ideology.
    Under Hu Jintao’s governance, he imposed a soft shift on the strategy towards Taiwan, emphasizing cooperation. Focusing on niche market or groups, the CPC attempted to achieve to be people-centered government to win the recognition of the Taiwanese. Such an attempt leads to the introduction of policy on the economic and trading interaction between the mainland China and Taiwan and a series of policies that would benefit Taiwan. These policies aim at those areas that are regarded as pan-green in Taiwan, and then gradually win the support from the people who hold opposition against China. The effectiveness of these mentioned beneficial deeds would be manifested in the coming 2012 presidential election.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of China Studies] Thesis

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