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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/77497

    Title: 從村民委員會看中共村民自治的發展
    Other Titles: The development of CPC's village democracy in village committee
    Authors: 黃維達;Huang, Wei-Ta
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士班
    趙春山;Chao, Chun-Shan
    Keywords: 村民自治;村民委員會;村委會選舉;海選;兩委一肩挑;Villager's democracy;Villager's committee;Villager's committee elections;Free-nomination model (Hai Xuan);Two committees in one group
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2012-06-21 06:50:51 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 1978年中國大陸採取改革開放政策以來,隨著家庭聯產承包制的施行,人民公社作為政社合一、政企合一的農村集體經濟組織的管理體制越來越顯得不能適應,因為其原本統購統銷、分配日常用品等經濟糧食分配權力的喪失導致人民公社逐漸喪失其管理權威與治理農村的職能,而自1980年第一個村民委員會誕生,村民自治取代人民公社成為基層的主要管理體制,並在中國大陸農村發展了三十年。而村民自治這樣一個帶有民主色彩的管理體制要如何在共黨以黨領政這一個傳統價值下運作與發展?這是本文想要去了解的。
    Since China adopted the policy of reform and opening up in1978, with the purposes of the household contract responsibility system, the people''s communes unity as a political community, rural collective economic organization of the management system becomes less politics and community united can not adapt to its originalpurchase and sale, distribution, daily necessities and other economic and food distribution loss of power causes people''s communes gradually lost its management authority and functions of governance in rural areas, the birth of a villagers ''committee since 1980, villagers'' democracy to replace the people''s communes to become a grass-roots management system, and development thirty years in China. The villagers'' democracy is a management system with a democratic value. So how to operation and development of the traditional values of the Communist Party to parties running the legislature? It is this article want to know.
    This research has four research purposes:
    (1) Analysis of China to promote the background and motivation of the villagers'' democracy system, and its course of development.
    (2) To understand the mode of election of villagers'' committees of their development process.
    (3) To compare the similarities and differences of the primary election system and the West.
    (4) To analysis of the interaction between the communist leadership and democracy.
    In the chapter 2 we discusse the background and process of the villagers'' democracy in the China, and from a legal aspect to interpret specific provisions of the Chinese officials made for the villagers'' democracy.
    Chapter 3, in accordance with the electoral system and the evolution of time-series study in China village. And reference from Professor Wang Yeh-Li(Taiwan University)the electoral system of classification criteria from the theoretical point of view of the electoral system of the West to explained Free-nomination model(Hai Xuan) among the "one-step "and" three-step model.
    Chapter 4 analyzes to explore the Chinese Communist official in 2002 and dramatically changed the ecology of villagers` democracy "two committees in one group” this policy. And from the views of the two sides of the matching policy and logical to made some different research.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of China Studies] Thesis

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