美國在歐巴馬上台之後一方面透過戰略與對話機制與中共在經濟交流上面達成許多共識，這是讓雙方在經濟合作上面有更緊密的關係；然而希拉蕊提出重返亞洲的政策讓中共猶如芒刺在背，尤其是美韓聯合軍演、釣魚台事件、東協與南海衝突、希拉蕊出訪緬甸可以看出美國對中共是採取戰術上的包圍政策，因此可以看出美國對華政策是既聯合又鬥爭的手段來與中共進行交流，同時也表現獻出美國的霸權地位是不容許被其他國家挑戰和威脅。 The attack on Pearl Harbor made the U.S. realized that they cannot take Isolationism to cope with the Changing situation of the world. Therefore, America decided to join in WWII in order to put an end to it. The Korean War and the 823 Artillery War made the USA to help defense Taiwan and to take Containment in Order to prevent the expansion of communist forces. The Cuba missile crisis made the relationship between America and the Soviet Union reached the highest tension, but President Kennedy’s wisdom put all the Dangers into an end. After Nixon took office he sent Henry Kissinger, the nation security adviser to Beijing to meet Zhou Enlai which made P. Both sides signed Shanghai Communiqué in 1972. In 1978, President Carter announced to establish diplomatic relationship with PRC while at the same time break off relation with ROC. This had set another milestone between PRC and the USA. During President George H. W. Bush and Clinton was on stage, there were Tiananmen Square protests and policy of Enlargement and Engagement which had made these two presidents having their own position in history. While Bush was on stage, he regarded PRC as a military competition until the 911. After that, PRC turned into military partner that made both sides cooperate.
President Obama brought a different atmosphere to America; his speeches are always attractive to Americans. He was the first president to use the Internet to publicize his political ideas. The reason why Obama was elected as the president was that the economics of America was brought to its knees after Iraq War and Afghanistan War. At the same time, the education competitiveness of America was lower than developing countries. Hilary proposed “Smart Power” as the policy for U.S. Diplomacy, which changed the International image of the USA and also made the USA step on another road.
In 2008, the Financial Crisis changed the International status of the U.S. This reflected that the outdated financial system couldn’t survive in the international community. On the other hand, Washington D.C. and Beijing is competitors of two different types of economic system. The rising of PRC’s soft power in Beijing Olympic also made a trial of America’s International status. This added an unpredictable future to the Relationship between U.S. and PRC. The interactive between Obama and Hu-Jing Tao could set a Milestone for the relationship on both sides. This became a great attention among International community. We can see from the Joint Declaration between U.S. and PRC that both sides have consensus on political and economic issues and also Taiwan issues. This basically benefits both sides to let International community realize their interactions.
U.S. had achieved many consensuses through Strategy and Dialogue after Obama became president. This made both sides has closer relationship on economic cooperation. However, Secretary Hilary proposed the policy of Back to Asia had made PRC feel like being offended, especially military drill between U.S and South Korea, Diaoyu islands incident, Conflict of ASEAN and South China Sea. We can see from Hilary’s visit to Vietnam that U.S. took the Containment to PRC. Therefore we can see that America is both competing and cooperating with PRC. This showed that the hegemony status of the USA mustn’t be offended or threatened by other countries.