English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Items with full text/Total items : 63187/95884 (66%)
Visitors : 4581980      Online Users : 260
RC Version 7.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library & TKU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/77494

    Title: 歐巴馬時期美國對中共外交政策之研究(2009-2011)
    Other Titles: The U.S. research for PRC's foreign policy when president Obama on stage from 2009 to 2011
    Authors: 廖品睿;Liao, Ping-Rei
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士班
    Keywords: 巧實力;中美關係;軟實力;重返亞洲;smart power;the Relationship between PRC and U.S;Soft Power;Back to Asia
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2012-06-21 06:50:21 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 珍珠港事件讓美國體認到不能採取姑息主義的政策來應付世界局勢的變化,因此美國決定加入第二次世界大戰結束戰局。韓戰與823砲戰讓美國協防台灣採取圍堵的政策防止共產勢力向外擴張。古巴飛彈危機讓美國與蘇聯的關係達到最緊張的狀態,甘迺迪總統的智慧讓危機一夕之間快速落幕。尼克森上台之後他派遣國家安全顧問季辛吉前往北京與周恩來進行會晤促成尼克森訪美,雙方於1972年簽屬上海公報達成正常化關係。1978年卡特總統宣布與中共簽屬建交公報同時與中華民國斷交,開啟了「中」美關係的另一項里程碑。老布希與柯林頓時期分別有天安門事件與擴大和交往政策讓兩個總統在歷史舞台上佔有一席之地,小布希時期將中共視為戰略競爭者直到911事件發生之後將中共轉變為戰略夥伴者開啟兩國合作空間。



    The attack on Pearl Harbor made the U.S. realized that they cannot take Isolationism to cope with the Changing situation of the world. Therefore, America decided to join in WWII in order to put an end to it. The Korean War and the 823 Artillery War made the USA to help defense Taiwan and to take Containment in Order to prevent the expansion of communist forces. The Cuba missile crisis made the relationship between America and the Soviet Union reached the highest tension, but President Kennedy’s wisdom put all the Dangers into an end. After Nixon took office he sent Henry Kissinger, the nation security adviser to Beijing to meet Zhou Enlai which made P. Both sides signed Shanghai Communiqué in 1972. In 1978, President Carter announced to establish diplomatic relationship with PRC while at the same time break off relation with ROC. This had set another milestone between PRC and the USA. During President George H. W. Bush and Clinton was on stage, there were Tiananmen Square protests and policy of Enlargement and Engagement which had made these two presidents having their own position in history. While Bush was on stage, he regarded PRC as a military competition until the 911. After that, PRC turned into military partner that made both sides cooperate.

    President Obama brought a different atmosphere to America; his speeches are always attractive to Americans. He was the first president to use the Internet to publicize his political ideas. The reason why Obama was elected as the president was that the economics of America was brought to its knees after Iraq War and Afghanistan War. At the same time, the education competitiveness of America was lower than developing countries. Hilary proposed “Smart Power” as the policy for U.S. Diplomacy, which changed the International image of the USA and also made the USA step on another road.

    In 2008, the Financial Crisis changed the International status of the U.S. This reflected that the outdated financial system couldn’t survive in the international community. On the other hand, Washington D.C. and Beijing is competitors of two different types of economic system. The rising of PRC’s soft power in Beijing
    Olympic also made a trial of America’s International status. This added an unpredictable future to the Relationship between U.S. and PRC. The interactive between Obama and Hu-Jing Tao could set a Milestone for the relationship on both sides. This became a great attention among International community. We can see from the Joint Declaration between U.S. and PRC that both sides have consensus on political and economic issues and also Taiwan issues. This basically benefits both sides to let International community realize their interactions.

    U.S. had achieved many consensuses through Strategy and Dialogue after Obama became president. This made both sides has closer relationship on economic cooperation. However, Secretary Hilary proposed the policy of Back to Asia had made PRC feel like being offended, especially military drill between U.S and South Korea, Diaoyu islands incident, Conflict of ASEAN and South China Sea. We can see from Hilary’s visit to Vietnam that U.S. took the Containment to PRC. Therefore we can see that America is both competing and cooperating with PRC. This showed that the hegemony status of the USA mustn’t be offended or threatened by other countries.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of China Studies] Thesis

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat

    All items in 機構典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library & TKU Library IR teams. Copyright ©   - Feedback