Since PRC has established its regime in 1949, the policies toward Taiwan have always existed. This was caused by the two civil wars. From Mao Zedong’s Military Liberation and Peaceful Liberation to Deng Xiaoping’s “Peaceful reunion, one country, two systems,” and then Jiang’s “Eight points,” Hu’s “Four points,” to today’s Hu’s “Six points.” PRC’s policy to unify China has always been changing.
Besides, after transferring generationsof the chairman, the chairman’s political steadiness is also one of the points to see the development of the policy toward Taiwan. Especially his political announcement on the National Congress of Communist Party of China is an important index to see whether the chairman is able to handle internal political power and policies toward Taiwan. Therefore, the “Seventeen points” Hu Jintao had mentioned about Taiwan eventually became the point to research policies toward Taiwan.
While Chen Shui-bian was governing, Taipei and Beijing had constant conflicts and intension, therefore the relationship between both sides was atfreezing point.Until 2008 when Ma Ying-jeou was elected as the president, he achieved his policy toward PRC, “No unity, no liberation, and no military actions.” This showed much goodwill to Beijing. On December 31st, 2008 Hu also announced his “Six points” in return as a feedback and expectation to Ma. On the other hand, Ma’s “Flexible diplomacy” policy and the signing of ECFA had earned PRC’s kind feedback and support. It seemed that the conversations between governments of both sides become warm and gentle. However, PRC is still blocks Taiwan from having development in international fields.
For example, in 2007 the memo that WHO secretly signed with PRC exposed. In 2010, the Jiang Ping event happened in the 23rd Tokyo Film Festival. In 2011, the 22ndAsia-Pacific Annual Conference of Obstetrics and Gynecology which was hosted by Taiwan, PCR asked us to change the name into “China Taiwan.” From the above, we can see that PCR won’t allow the existence of “two China” or “China and Taiwan” on international stages. We can say no matter how PCR’s policy toward Taiwan changes, the core principles of “one China” and “Unified China” won’t change. As a result, PCR won’t give up its will to unify China.